Determinants of Crop Diversification by Farmers in Java
Change in food consumption pattern in Indonesia is believed to be one of the main push factors of structural change in horticulture products mainly in fruit and vegetable consumption. In the side of supply, crop diversification done by farmers is considered as a logical reaction to the increasing demand for these products and is expected to be able to contribute to income and poverty alleviation. The objective of this study is to identify what physical and nonphysical assets and access (social and economic characteristics) determine farmers to adopt crop diversification. This paper uses descriptive and quantitative analysis to answer the research questions. Primary data were collected in 2013 from direct interview with 960 farmers spread in 96 villages in Java, Indonesia. The result shows that age, the availability of labor force in the family, the number of dependents, having any means of transportation, land holding, access to irrigation, training, and distance to market affect farmer’s decision on diversifying their farm.
KeywordsAdoption Crop diversification Horticulture Java
This data collection for this research was supported by the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR) and Center for Agricultural Policy and Agribusiness Studies (CAPAS). We thank our colleagues, Suprehatin, Dale Yi from the University of Adelaide, Australia, who provided the data and greatly assisted the research.
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