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Stabilization of Food Self-Sufficiency Through Biomanagement of Agroforestry Systems in Industrial Plantation Forests

  • Muhammad Hatta
Conference paper

Abstract

Rice production in Indonesia in 2015 reached 75.4 million t, while production of maize was 19.61 million t, and production of soybeans was 963,090 t. The targets for rice, maize, and soybean production in 2019 are 82.0 million t, 24.1 million t, and 1.9216 million t, respectively. In order to achieve these targets and support the stabilization of food self-sufficiency, efforts can be made by optimizing industrial plantation forest (IPF) land for the development of food crops in agroforestry systems. Currently, the IPF concession area in Indonesia has reached 11 million ha with a planted area of 4.9 million ha (45%); of all planted areas, about 20% (980,000 ha) planted with forest industry are still young (<3 years). These areas could be utilized for the development of food crops with biomanagement agroforestry systems. Biomanagement agroforestry systems, with application of biochar, biostimulants, and biofertilizers for intercropping food crops with young Acacia mangium, would be able to produce 3.5 t ha−1 of rice, 5.6 t ha−1 of maize, and 1.2 t ha−1 of soybeans. So, if these figures are converted to land area in the IPFs, this area would have the potential to produce 10 million t of rice, 7 million t of maize, and 2 million t of soybeans each year.

Keywords

Agroforestry Biochar Biostimulant Biofertilizer Food crops Self-sufficiency 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Assessment Institutes for Agricultural Technology of West KalimantanPontianakIndonesia

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