Molecular Performance of the MTG (Moderat Tahan Gano) Oil Palm Variety Based on SSR Markers
The oil palm, an economically important crop tree in Indonesia, has been one of the world’s major sources of edible oil and a significant precursor of biodiesel fuel. The objectives of this study were to know the DNA profiles of oil palm trees from the commercial Moderat Tahan Gano (MTG) variety collections from PT Socfindo. A total of 15 individual palms of the MTG variety were used for analysis. In this experiment, the DNA profile diversity was assessed using three loci of the oil palm’s specific simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers. The results of the experiment indicated that out of three SSR marker loci evaluated, two loci were monomorphic in all genera of palms evaluated, while one was polymorphic. On the other hand, some allele profiles differed from the rest, indicating possibilities of either variants or mislabeled materials. These results demonstrated that the SSR marker can be used to evaluate genetic relatedness among progeny derived from different parents and to detect either genetic variants or mislabeling.
KeywordsDiversity MTG Variety Oil Palm SSR Marker
The authors gratefully acknowledge the full support received from PT Socfindo Indonesia for the present research and the University of Sumatera, Utara Ministry of Research and Technology and Higher Education, Republic of Indonesia. The support comes under the research grant BP-PTN USU of year 2016 Contract Number 27/UN22.214.171.124/PPM/SP/2016.
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