Villa La Petraia (Florence) UNESCO World Heritage

  • Kristian Fabbri
  • Leila Signorelli
  • Marco Pretelli
  • Cinzia Magnani


This chapter focuses on Villa Medici La Petraia (UNESCO World Heritage), built in the fifteenth century in Florence, Italy. The relevance of this study case is due to a specific intervention that, during the nineteenth century, heavily influenced indoor microclimate: the addition of a glass and cast iron cover on the central courtyard. The change of status of this space, from outdoor to indoor, had an important effect on the whole microclimate of the Villa, as well as several other interventions including the addition of stoves and other systems of central heating. Finally, in the twentieth century, the Villa become a museum and no HVAC system has been added since then. On this specific case we done an extensive and complete analysis, including archival research for historic documents; survey of the building and of the HVAC systems; monitoring of indoor microclimate in three different spaces, including the covered courtyard; software modeling and calibration of the model; construction past configurations, with and without covering in the courtyard; and analysis of the associated microclimate, up to the suggestion of management solutions for microclimatic issues. Where the study case of the Malatestiana Library, presented in Chap.  8, has been the beginning of the research on HIM, the case of Villa La Petraia represents a fully developed analysis of indoor microclimate, giving some sort of standard on how to perform these kind of studies and increasing the knowledge on HIM in general and on simulations and the prediction of future microclimatic conditions in particular.



The authors would like to thank the Polo Museale Fiorentino, particularly Dr. Alessandra Griffo and Dr. Marco Mozzo, for their support during the research activities.


  1. Acidini Luchinat C, Galletti G (1992) La villa e il giardino della Petraia a Firenze. Edifir, FirenzeGoogle Scholar
  2. Ballerini L, Scalini M (2003) Le ville medicee. Guida Completa, Giunti, ISBN 9788809766310Google Scholar
  3. Bertocci S, Pancani G, Puma P (2006) Ville e Parchi storici. Strategie per la conoscenza e il riuso sostenibile. Edifir, FirenzeGoogle Scholar
  4. Butters SB (1991) Le cardinal Ferdinand de Médicis, in Chastel-Morel, La Villa Médicis. Académie de France à Rome, RomaGoogle Scholar
  5. Camuffo D, Bertolin C (2012a) The earliest temperature observations in the world: the Medici network (1654–1670). Clim Chang 111:335–363CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Camuffo D, Bertolin C (2012b) The earliest spirit-in-glass thermometer and a comparison between the earliest CET and Italian observations. Weather 67(8):206–209CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Fiorani D. (2009) Restauro e tecnologie in architettura, Carocci, Roma, ISBN 9788843048137Google Scholar
  8. Hibbert C (1999) The house of Medici: its rise and fall. Quill Books, ISBN 978-0688053390Google Scholar
  9. IES.VE, Integrated Environmental Solutions, (last visit 10/02/2017)
  10. Linea meteo, (last visit 10/02/2017)
  11. Pretelli F (2014) Le sorprese della Storia: la finestra della Villa Medicea La Petraia a Firenze, in Legno Legno, pp 42–36Google Scholar
  12. Sketchup, (last visit 10/02/2017)
  13. Urbani G (2000) Intorno al restauro. Skira, Milano (Italy)Google Scholar
  14. Vannucci M (1994) I Medici. Una famiglia al potere, Roma, Newton Compton Editori, 1994, ISBN 9788854185296Google Scholar
  15. Zangheri L (2015) Le Ville Medicee in Toscana nella lista del Patrimonio Mondiale. Olschki, FirenzeGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kristian Fabbri
    • 1
  • Leila Signorelli
    • 1
  • Marco Pretelli
    • 1
  • Cinzia Magnani
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of ArchitectureUniversity of BolognaBolognaItaly
  2. 2.Scuola di Ingegneria e Architettura – Università di Bologna – Sede di Ravenna Course of bRavennaItaly

Personalised recommendations