Homophobia in Apartheid and Post-apartheid South Africa
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This chapter explores the uses of anti-homosexual violence during apartheid in South Africa. It shows how sexuality, anti-homosexual violence and the apartheid regime were intrinsically connected. Criminalisation of homosexuality was a key element of the sexual policies enforced by the apartheid regime. In a regime that was patriarchal, militaristic and based on rigid gender and sexual orders, it was impossible to leave homophobia out of the analysis. The chapter shows how such connections were made, by whom and with what purposes. It argues that homophobia reinforced militarised masculinities in a militarised society. Yet, apartheid deployed a selective use homophobia rationalised to fit its interests, regulating sexualities and creating racialised positions of privilege and hierarchy as well as the space for deviance.
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