Advertisement

Modeling the Co-evolution of Culture, Signs and Network Structure

  • Peter RevayEmail author
  • Claudio Cioffi-Revilla
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10354)

Abstract

We use agent-based simulation to investigate the interplay between the acquisition and transmission of cultural traits, the dynamics of social network structure and the emergence of meaningful signs. We assume agents in our model must cooperate to thrive in their environment and to be successful in doing so, they must synchronize their otherwise selectively-neutral strategies. We further assume that maintenance of social ties is costly, and that agents cannot directly identify the strategies of their counterparts. We show that when cooperation is biased by the possession of arbitrary observable markers, evolutionary dynamics lead to small-world social structures with communities defined by shared culture and the establishment of markers as signs of community membership.

Keywords

Agent-based modeling Evolution Culture Social networks 

References

  1. 1.
    Boyd, R., Richerson, P.J.: Culture and the Evolutionary Process. University of Chicago Press, Chicago (1985)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bianchi, F., Squazzoni, F.: Agent-based modeling in sociology. WIREs Comput. Stat. 7, 28306 (2015). doi: 10.1002/wics.1356
  3. 3.
    Axelrod, R.: An Evolutionary approach to norms. Am. Polit. Sci. Rev. 80(4), 1095–1111 (1986)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Miller, J.H.: The co-evolution of automata in the repeated prisoner’s dilemma. J. Econ. Behav. Organ. 29(1), 87–112 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Macy, M., Skvoretz, J.: The evolution of trust and cooperation between strangers: a computational model. Am. Sociol. Rev. 63, 38–660 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bowles, S., Gintis, H.: The evolution of strong reciprocity: cooperation in heterogeneous populations. Theor. Popul. Biol. 65, 17–28 (2004)CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Santos, F.C., Pacheco, J.M., Lenaerts, T.: Cooperation prevails when individuals adjust their social ties. PLoS Comput. Biol. 2, e140 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Shutters, S.T.: Strong reciprocity, social structure, and the evolution of fair allocations in a simulated ultimatum game. Comput. Math. Organ. Theor. 15(2), 64–77 (2009)CrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Hales, D.: Cooperation without memory or space: tags, groups and the prisoner’s dilemma. In: Moss, S., Davidsson, P. (eds.) MABS 2000. LNCS, vol. 1979, pp. 157–166. Springer, Heidelberg (2000). doi: 10.1007/3-540-44561-7_12 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Janssen, M.: Evolution of cooperation when feedback to reputation scores is voluntary. J. Artif. Soc. Soc. Simulat. 9(1), 17 (2005)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Hammond, R.A., Axelrod, R.: The evolution of ethnocentrism. J. Conflict. Resolut. 50, 26–936 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Efferson, C., Lalive, R., Fehr, E.: The coevolution of cultural groups and ingroup favoritism. Science 321, 1844–1849 (2008)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Anderson, J.R., Lebiere, C.: The Atomic Components of Thought. LEA Publishers, Mahwah (1998)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Petrov, A.A.: Computationally efficient approximation of the base-level learning equation in ACT-R. In: Fun, D., Del Missier, F., Stocco, A. (eds.) Proceedings of the Seventh International Cconference on Cognitive Modeling. Edizioni Goliardiche, Trieste, Italy (2006)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Shannon, C.E.: A mathematical theory of communication. AT&T Tech. J. 27(3), 379423 (1948)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Newman, M.E.J.: Modularity and community structure in networks. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 103(23), 85778696 (2006)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Watts, D.J., Strogatz, S.H.: Collective dynamics of ‘Small-World’ networks. Nature 393, 440–442 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Hamilton, W.D.: The evolution of altruistic behavior. Am. Nat. 97(896), 354356 (1963)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Social ComplexityGeorge Mason UniversityFairfaxUSA

Personalised recommendations