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Co-utility pp 139-151 | Cite as

Self-enforcing Collaborative Anonymization via Co-utility

  • Jordi Soria-ComasEmail author
  • Josep Domingo-Ferrer
Chapter
Part of the Studies in Systems, Decision and Control book series (SSDC, volume 110)

Abstract

In surveys collecting individual data (microdata), each respondent is usually required to report values for a set of attributes. If some of these attributes contain sensitive information, the respondent must trust the collector not to make any inappropriate use of the data and, in case any data are to be publicly released, to properly anonymize them to avoid disclosing sensitive information. If the respondent does not trust the data collector, she may report inaccurately or report nothing at all. The reduce the need for trust, local anonymization is an alternative whereby each respondent anonymizes her data prior to sending them to the data collector. However, local anonymization by each respondent without seeing other respondents’ data makes it hard to find a good trade-off minimizing information loss and disclosure risk. In this chapter, we detail a distributed anonymization approach where users collaborate to attain an appropriate level of disclosure protection (and, thus, of information loss). Under our scheme, the final anonymized data are only as accurate as the information released by each respondent; hence, no trust needs to be assumed towards the data collector or any other respondent. Further, if respondents are interested in forming an accurate data set, the proposed collaborative anonymization protocols are self-enforcing and co-utile [3, 5].

Notes

Acknowledgements

Funding by the Templeton World Charity Foundation (grant TWCF0095/AB60 “CO-UTILITY”) is gratefully acknowledged. Also, partial support to this work has been received from the Government of Catalonia (ICREA Acadèmia Prize to J. Domingo-Ferrer and grant 2014 SGR 537), the Spanish Government (projects TIN2014-57364-C2-1-R “SmartGlacis”, TIN2015-70054-REDC and TIN2016-80250-R “Sec-MCloud”) and the European Commission (projects H2020-644024 “CLARUS” and H2020-700540 “CANVAS”). The authors are with the UNESCO Chair in Data Privacy, but the views in this work are the authors’ own and are not necessarily shared by UNESCO or any of the funding bodies.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.UNESCO Chair in Data Privacy, Department of Computer Science and MathematicsUniversitat Rovira i VirgiliTarragona, CataloniaSpain

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