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Neurotoxicity of Copper

  • Felix Bulcke
  • Ralf Dringen
  • Ivo Florin ScheiberEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Neurobiology book series (NEUROBIOL, volume 18)

Abstract

Copper is an essential trace metal that is required for several important biological processes, however, an excess of copper can be toxic to cells. Therefore, systemic and cellular copper homeostasis is tightly regulated, but dysregulation of copper homeostasis may occur in disease states, resulting either in copper deficiency or copper overload and toxicity. This chapter will give an overview on the biological roles of copper and of the mechanisms involved in copper uptake, storage, and distribution. In addition, we will describe potential mechanisms of the cellular toxicity of copper and copper oxide nanoparticles. Finally, we will summarize the current knowledge on the connection of copper toxicity with neurodegenerative diseases.

Keywords

Copper Nanoparticles Neurotoxicity Neurodegenerative disease Oxidative stress Brain 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Felix Bulcke
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ralf Dringen
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ivo Florin Scheiber
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Center for Biomolecular Interactions Bremen, Faculty 2 (Biology/Chemistry)University of BremenBremenGermany
  2. 2.Center for Environmental Research and Sustainable TechnologyBremenGermany

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