Uranium and the Central Nervous System: What Should We Learn from Recent New Tools and Findings?
Increasing industrial and military use of uranium has led to environmental pollution, which may result in uranium reaching the brain and causing cerebral dysfunction. A recent literature review has discussed data published over the last 10 years on uranium and its effects on brain function (Dinocourt C, Legrand M, Dublineau I, et al., Toxicology 337:58–71, 2015). New models of uranium exposure during neonatal brain development and the emergence of new technologies (omics and epigenetics) are of value in identifying new specific targets of uranium. Here we review the latest studies of neurogenesis, epigenetics, and metabolic dysfunctions and the identification of new biomarkers used to establish potential pathophysiological states of neurodevelopmental and neurodegenerative diseases.
KeywordsOmics Epigenetics Neurogenesis Brain Uranium
We thank Christelle Adam-Guillermin and Maamar Souidi for their critical reading, specifically on epigenetic and metabolic pathways, of the manuscript.
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