Hypothalamus, Neuroendocrine System, and Autonomic Nervous System

  • Stanley Jacobson
  • Elliott M. Marcus
  • Stanley Pugsley
Chapter

Abstract

The hypothalamus is a very small nuclear mass found at the base of the third ventricle in the diencephalon. Its functional potency is related to its control of the hypophysis and its descending autonomic fibers, which affect preganglionic parasympathetic and sympathetic nuclei in the brain stem and the thoracic, lumbar, and sacral spinal cord. In addition, this diencephalic region with its important tracts forms part of the Papez circuit and must be included in any discussion of the limbic (or emotional) brain in Chap. 22.

Keywords

Pituitary gland Papez circuit Hypothalamic nuclei Hypothalamic–hypophyseal tract Autonomic nervous system Enteric nervous system 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stanley Jacobson
    • 1
  • Elliott M. Marcus
    • 2
  • Stanley Pugsley
    • 3
  1. 1.BostonUSA
  2. 2.Jamaica PlainUSA
  3. 3.South Abington Twp.USA

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