Neuropathology, Nonvascular: Trauma, Neoplasms, and Communicable Diseases

  • Stanley Jacobson
  • Elliott M. Marcus
  • Stanley Pugsley


In the era of the automobile, bicycle, and motorcycle, trauma to the head constitutes one of the most frequent neurological problems presented to emergency room physicians. Not all head injuries involve the brain. Significant scalp lacerations and simple skull fractures may be present without the development of significant neurological deficits. On the other hand, closed head injuries may be present with significant neurological signs but without major external signs of head trauma (i.e., the scalp and skull appear intact).


Concussion Chronic traumatic encephalitis Subdural TBI HIV Malaria 


  1. McKee AC, Cairns NJ, Dickson DW, et al. Clinicopathological Evaluation of Chronic Traumatic Encephalitis (CTE.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stanley Jacobson
    • 1
  • Elliott M. Marcus
    • 2
  • Stanley Pugsley
    • 3
  1. 1.BostonUSA
  2. 2.Jamaica PlainUSA
  3. 3.South Abington Twp.USA

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