Extreme Groups and the Militarization of Social Media

  • Jamil AmmarEmail author
  • Songhua Xu


The qualitative research in this chapter serves as a supplement and support of the theoretical discourse analysis. It provides a dataset of the most prominent religious clerics in the Middle East and their influence on religious extremist; identifying the names of a hundred and thirty six (136) of the most active Salafi and Salafi Jihadi clerics on social media. The results indicate that there is hardly any difference between how a Salafi or a Jihadi group conduct their propaganda campaigns. Another noticeable result is that both groups use demographic segmentation to specifically target sub-groups, such as women and kids. This chapter concludes that, apart from few negligible differences, both Salafi and jihadi groups are ideologically aligned.


Terrorism and social media YouTube Twitter Facebook Online propaganda campaign 

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Rutgers School of Law–NewarkNewarkUSA
  2. 2.New Jersey Institute of TechnologyKearnyUSA

Personalised recommendations