The concluding chapter argues that incorporating a critical and empirical understanding of law into sociological analysis produces a novel approach to think about nationalism , which modifies how the issue of legitimacy is analyzed. The salient position that states have in today’s legal order is the outcome of a history that includes not only a struggle between progressive and conservative positions but also jurisdictional disputes over the nature of law and legitimate political power. Clashes between people defending different conceptions of the state, and justifying them differently, existed before nationalism. In Vascongadas and Navarre , the state’s legal order and jurisdictional relations were interpreted in relation to a more complex analytical setting. They included traditional meanings of jurisdictional relations and debates about the nature of law.
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