Advertisement

The History of Today’s Legacy

Chapter
  • 434 Downloads
Part of the Leisure Studies in a Global Era book series (LSGE)

Abstract

Leisure and work are cultural universals; all societies in all periods of history have exhibited a continuum of use of time linking these two. In this regard, this chapter covers the subsistence societies and Western societies, including classical Greece, the Judeo-Christian era, the Protestant reformation, the Protestant ethic, and the work ethic. The role of leisure in all this is then taken up, starting with the observation that neither the Protestant ethic nor the work ethic accords a significant role to leisure. The first was particularly strict. Non-work obligation, which in common sense, is subject to being conflated with leisure is examined historically. Down through modern history leisure has been portrayed mostly as villain, forever perturbing the hero of work.

Keywords

Leisure Work Non-work obligation Subsistence societies Classical Greece The Judeo-Christian era The Protestant reformation The Protestant ethic The work ethic 

References

  1. Applebaum, H. (1992). The concept of work: Ancient, medieval, and modern. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.Google Scholar
  2. Aronowitz, S., & DiFazio, W. (1994). The jobless future: Sci-tech and the dogma of work. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.Google Scholar
  3. Beck, U. (2000). The brave new world of work (P. Camiller, Trans.). New York: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  4. Braverman, H. (1974). Labor and monopoly capital: The degradation of work in the twentieth century. New York: Monthly Review Press.Google Scholar
  5. Cohen, J. (2002). Protestantism and capitalism: The mechanisms of influence. New York: Aldine de Gruyter.Google Scholar
  6. Cross, G. (1990). A social history of leisure since 1600. State College, PA: Venture.Google Scholar
  7. Cross, G., & Logemann, J. (2004). Home improvement. In G. Cross (Ed.), Encyclopedia of recreation and leisure in America (pp. 447–449). Detroit, MI: Thomson/Gale.Google Scholar
  8. Desmond, A., & Moore, J. (1991). Darwin. London: Michael Joseph.Google Scholar
  9. Duval, D. T. (2003). Anthropology. In J. M. Jenkins & J. J. Pigram (Eds.), Encyclopedia of leisure and outdoor recreation (pp. 16–19). London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  10. Gelber, S. M. (1999). Hobbies: Leisure and the culture of work in America. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Gerth, H., & Mills, C. W. (Eds.). (1958). From Max Weber: Essays in sociology. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  12. Gini, A. (2001). My self, my job: Work and the creation of the modern individual. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  13. Hamilton-Smith, E. (2003). History. In J. M. Jenkins & J. J. Pigram (Eds.), Encyclopedia of leisure and outdoor recreation (pp. 225–228). London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  14. Killinger, B. (1997). Workaholism: The respectable addicts. Toronto, ON: Firefly Books.Google Scholar
  15. Machlowitz, M. (1980). Workaholics: Living with them, working with them. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.Google Scholar
  16. McBrearty, S., & Stringer, C. (2007). The coast in colour. Nature, 449, 793–794.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Riesman, D. (1961). The lonely crowd: A study of the changing American character (rev. ed.). New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  18. Rifkin, J. (1995). The end of work: The decline of the global labor force and the dawn of the post-market era. New York: G.P. Putnam’s Sons.Google Scholar
  19. Sonnenberg, R. (1996). Living with workaholism. St Louis, MO: Concordia Publishing House.Google Scholar
  20. Stebbins, R. A. (2004/2014). Between work and leisure: The common ground of two separate worlds. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers (paperback edition with new Preface, 2014).Google Scholar
  21. Sylvester, C. (1999). The Western idea of work and leisure: Traditions, transformations, and the future. In E. L. Jackson & T. L. Burton (Eds.), Leisure studies: Prospects for the twenty-first century (pp. 17–34). State College, PA: Venture.Google Scholar
  22. Weber, M. (1930). The Protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism (T. Parsons, Trans.). New York: Scribner’s.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SociologyUniversity of CalgaryCalgaryCanada

Personalised recommendations