Standard Documentation of Exposure Models: MERLIN-Expo Case Study

  • Annette AltenpohlEmail author
  • Philippe Ciffroy
  • Alicia Paini
  • Anita Radovnikovic
  • Nicoleta Alina Suciu
  • Taku Tanaka
  • Alice Tediosi
  • Frederik Verdonck
Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC, volume 57)


At the example of the MERLIN-Expo case study, important aspects of the documentation and of standardisation of chemical exposure models are discussed. A key challenge faced by developers of large or complex chemical exposure models is limited transparency leading to loss of confidence in the applicability of results of the model and other inefficiencies such as lacking interoperability. These inefficiencies can be addressed by standardisation which is explained as a process leading to improved common definitions, transparency and reliability in application. A review of available frameworks on the documentation of exposure models as well other complex models is conducted. The process of arriving at consensus on recommended documentation of exposure models via a workshop process is described, involving representatives from different stakeholders such as scientists, regulators, manufacturers or consultants. Key components of the documentation of chemical exposure models are presented, and a way to structure the communication of the information is proposed. The role of standardisation in supporting research and innovation projects is illustrated.


Case study Complex model Documentation Exposure model Standardisation 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Annette Altenpohl
    • 1
    Email author
  • Philippe Ciffroy
    • 2
  • Alicia Paini
    • 3
  • Anita Radovnikovic
    • 3
  • Nicoleta Alina Suciu
    • 4
  • Taku Tanaka
    • 2
  • Alice Tediosi
    • 5
  • Frederik Verdonck
    • 6
  1. 1.Austrian StandardsViennaAustria
  2. 2.National Hydraulics and Environment LaboratoryEDF R&DChatouFrance
  3. 3.European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for Health and Consumer Protection (IHCP)IspraItaly
  4. 4.Università Cattolica del Sacro CuorePiacenzaItaly
  5. 5.Aeiforia srlGariga di PodenzanoItaly
  6. 6.ArcheGentBelgium

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