Evolution and Future of Human Health and Environmental Risk Assessment

  • Nicoleta Alina SuciuEmail author
  • Silvia Panizzi
  • Philippe Ciffroy
  • Antoni Ginebreda
  • Alice Tediosi
  • Damià Barceló
  • Ettore Capri
Part of the The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry book series (HEC, volume 57)


Human Health Risk Assessment (HHRA) and Environmental Risk Assessment (ERA) are well-established regulatory and scientific research fields that support regulatory decision-making in the European Union (EU) and are undergoing constant development. HHRA and ERA are crucial steps for reaching the objectives of Europe 2020, a strategy put forward by the Commission that sets out a vision of Europe’s social market economy for the twenty-first century. This chapter aims to describe the basic principles, the evolution and the future challenges of HHRA and ERA.

The first part defines HHRA and ERA and describes the origins of risk assessment and management procedures at an international level. The precautionary principle has always been present in the European Union policies that aim to protect health and the environment.

In the second part, current approaches that characterise risk assessment, such as the tiered approach, are presented. In the future, the implementation of recent scientific developments for the construction of integrated exposure scenarios models is of paramount importance to improve environmental and health risk assessment schemes. Moreover, the evaluation of uncertainties in the modelling inputs and outputs and the sensitivity analysis are two key elements to optimise current HHRA and ERA procedures.


Environmental Risk Assessment EU policies Human Health Risk Assessment Integrated Exposure Assessment Uncertainty 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nicoleta Alina Suciu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Silvia Panizzi
    • 1
  • Philippe Ciffroy
    • 2
  • Antoni Ginebreda
    • 3
  • Alice Tediosi
    • 4
  • Damià Barceló
    • 3
  • Ettore Capri
    • 5
  1. 1.DiSTASUniversità Cattolica del Sacro CuorePiacenzaItaly
  2. 2.EDF R&D, National Hydraulics and Environment LaboratoryChatouFrance
  3. 3.Department of Environmental ChemistryInstitute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research, IDAEA-CSICBarcelonaSpain
  4. 4.Aeiforia srlGariga di PodenzanoItaly
  5. 5.OPERA Research Center, Università Cattolica del Sacro CuorePiacenzaItaly

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