Freedom of Religion and Freedom of Religious Clothing and Symbols in School: Exploring the Impact of Church Schools in a Religiously Diverse Society

Part of the Religion and Human Rights book series (REHU, volume 2)


The Young People’s Attitudes to Religious Diversity Project was established to compare the attitudes of students (13- to 15-years of age) educated within the state-maintained sector in church schools (Catholic, Anglican, joint Anglican and Catholic) and in schools without a religious foundation. Data provided by 2385 students recruited from England, Wales and London who self-identified as either ‘no religion’ or as Christian demonstrated that personal factors (especially sex), psychological factors (especially psychoticism) and religious factors (especially personal prayer) were all significantly related to attitude toward freedom of religious clothing and symbols in school. After controlling for sex and for individual differences in personality and in religiosity, students attending church schools hold neither a more positive nor a less positive attitude toward freedom of religious clothing and symbols in school (according to various religious traditions), compared with students attending schools without a religious foundation.


Church schools Religious diversity Freedom of religion School effectiveness Multi-level analysis 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Warwick Religions & Education Research Unit, Centre for Education StudiesUniversity of WarwickCoventryUK
  2. 2.University of York St JohnYorkUK

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