Annotated Documents and Expanded CIDOC-CRM Ontology in the Automatic Construction of a Virtual Museum

  • Cristiana Araújo
  • Ricardo G. Martini
  • Pedro Rangel Henriques
  • José João Almeida
Conference paper
Part of the Studies in Computational Intelligence book series (SCI, volume 718)

Abstract

The Museum of the Person (Museu da Pessoa, MP) is a virtual museum with the purpose of exhibit life stories of common people. Its assets are composed of several interviews involving people whose stories we want to perpetuate. So the museum holds an heterogeneous collection of XML (eXtensible Markup Language) documents that constitute the working repository. The main idea is to extract automatically the information included in the repository in order to build the virtual museum’s exhibition rooms. The goal of this paper is to describe an architectural approach to build a system that will create the virtual rooms from the XML repository to enable visitors to lookup individual life stories and also inter-cross information among them. We adopted the standard for museum ontologies CIDOC-CRM (CIDOC Conceptual Reference Model) refined with FOAF (Friend of a Friend) and DBpedia ontologies to represent OntoMP. That ontology is intended to allow a conceptual navigation over the available information. The approach here discussed is based on a TripleStore and uses SPARQL (SPARQL Protocol and RDF Query Language) to extract the information. Aiming at the extraction of meaningful information, we built a text filter that converts the interviews into a RDF triples file that reflects the assets described by the ontology.

Keywords

Resource Description Framework Regular Expression Life Story SPARQL Query Ingestion Function 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work has been supported by COMPETE: POCI-01-0145-FEDER-007043 and FCT – Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia within the Project Scope:UID/CEC/00319/2013. The work of Ricardo Martini is supported by CNPq, grant 201772/2014-0.

References

  1. 1.
    Almeida, J.J., Rocha, J.G., Henriques, P.R., Moreira, S., Simões, A.: Museu da Pessoa–arquitectura. In: Encontro Nacional da Associação de Bibliotecários, Arquivista e Documentalistas, ABAD’01. BAD (2001)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Rodrigues, B.C., Crippa, G.: Novas Propostas e Desafios Das Mediações Culturais em Museus Virtuais. In: El Pensamiento Museuloógico Contenporá neo. O Pensamento Museulógico Contemporâneo, pp. 599–608. ICOM (2011)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Philip, B.: Stafford. Museum of person, Technical report (2015)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Araújo, C.: An Ontology for the Museum of the Person Combining CIDOC-CRM with FOAF. Universidade do Minho, Msc pre-thesis (2016)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Martini, R.: Formal Description and Automatic Generation of Learning Spaces based on Ontologies. Universidade do Minho, Ph.D. pre-thesis (2015)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Simões, A., Almeida, J.J.: Histórias de Vida + Processamento Estrutural = Museu da Pessoa. In: XATA 2003 — XML: Aplicações e Tecnologias Associadas, pp. 16. Braga, Portugal (2003). UMGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Martini, R.G., Araújo, C., Almeida, J.J., Henriques, P.R.: New advances in information systems and technologies: volume 2. In: chapter OntoMP, An Ontology to Build the Museum of the Person, pp. 653–661. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Araújo, C., Martini, R.G., Henriques, P.R., Almeida, J.J.: Architectural approaches to build the museum of the person. In: Rocha, Á., Reis, L.P., Cota, M.P., Suárez, O.S., Gonçalves, R. (eds.) Sistemas y Tecnologías de Información—Atas da 11\(^{a}\) Conferência Ibérica de Sistemas e Tecnologias de Informação, volume Vol. I — Artículos de la Conferencia, pp. 383–388. AISTI–Associação Ibérica de Sistemas e Tecnologias de Informação, June 2016Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Martini, R.G., Araújo, C., Librelotto, G.R., Henriques, P.R.: New advances in information systems and technologies. In: chapter A Reduced CRM-Compatible Form Ontology for the Virtual Emigration Museum, pp. 401–410. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    ICOM/CIDOC. Definition of the CIDOC Conceptual Reference Model. Technical report, ICOM/CIDOC, May 2015Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Allemang, D., Hendler, J.: Semantic Web for the Working Ontologist: Effective Modeling in RDFS and OWL. Elsevier Science (2011)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Al-Mukhtar, M.M.A., Al-Assafy, A.T.A.: The implementation of foaf ontology for an academic social network. Int. J. Sci. Eng. Comput. Technol. 4(1), 10 (2014)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Dbpedia. Ontology. http://wiki.dbpedia.org/ (2016). Accessed 15 June 2016
  14. 14.
    APACHE JENA. TDB. https://jena.apache.org/documentation/tdb/index.html (2016). Accessed 01 June 2016
  15. 15.
    APACHE JENA. Apache Jena Fuseki. https://jena.apache.org/documentation/fuseki2/index.html (2016). Accessed 01 June 2016
  16. 16.
    ANTLR. ANTLR. http://www.antlr.org/ (2016). Accessed 14 Sept 2016
  17. 17.
    Worcman, K.: The museum of the person. In: Virtual Museums, vol. 57, no. 3. ICOM (2004)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cristiana Araújo
    • 1
  • Ricardo G. Martini
    • 1
  • Pedro Rangel Henriques
    • 1
  • José João Almeida
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of InformaticsAlgoritmi Research Centre, University of MinhoGualtar, BragaPortugal

Personalised recommendations