Introduction to Top Quark Physics and the Measurement

  • Simon SpannagelEmail author
Part of the Springer Theses book series (Springer Theses)


The third quark generation in the standard model (SM) of particle physics was predicted as an explanation for CP violation [1]. The lighter quark of the new generation, the bottom quark, was discovered in 1977 [2]. However, due to its large mass, the top quark was not measured until 1995, when the two Tevatron experiments Collision Detector at Fermilab (CDF) [3] and D0 [4] announced the discovery of a new quark in proton-antiproton collisions with a center-of-mass energy of \(\sqrt{s}={1.8}\,\text {TeV}\). The Tevatron accelerator was the only source of top quarks until the start-up of the LHC machine in 2010.


Tevatron Accelerator Generation Quarks Proton-antiproton Collisions Bottom Quark Quark-antiquark Annihilation 
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© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN)GenevaSwitzerland

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