The Influence of Task-Oriented Human-Machine Interface Design on Usability Objectives

  • Julia N. CzerniakEmail author
  • Christopher Brandl
  • Alexander Mertens
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10290)


Modern machine tools have become highly automated versatile production systems, often showing deficits in intuitive control opportunities. To match human-machine interfaces to increasing functionality requirements, the software complexity can be reduced by task-oriented human-machine interface design. Content of this paper is the evaluation of task-orientation and its influence on usability dimensions in a field and laboratory investigation. For this purpose, a function-oriented software for cutting machines, currently used in production, was compared to a task-oriented prototype by means of the IsoMetricsS. Results show an effect of task-orientation on conformity with user expectations and learnability in the laboratory study. Furthermore performance measurement shows that task-orientation leads to decreasing execution times.


Human-machine interaction Interface design IsoMetricsS Machine tool controlling Task-oriented HMI Usability 



The Research is funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF), Project: MaxiMMI, according to Grant No. 16SV6237, supervised by the VDI/VDE Innovation + Technik GmbH. The authors would like to express their gratitude for the support given.


  1. 1.
    Herfs, W., Kolster, D., Lohse, W.: Handlungsorientiertes Werkzeugmaschinen-HMI. atp Edit. 55(11), 32–41 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Rohmert, W.: Das Belastungs-Beanspruchungs-Konzept. Z. für Arbeitswissenschaft 38(4), 193–200 (1984)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kantowitz, B.H., Campbell, J.L.: Pilot workload and flightdeck automation. In: Parasuraman, R., Mouloua, M. (eds.) Automation and Human Performance. Theory and Applications, pp. 135–136. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Mahwah (1996)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Machine Directive 2006/42/EC: Of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 May 2006 on machinery, and amending Directive 95/16/EC (recast), Appendix I, pp. 29–63 (2006)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    DIN EN ISO 9241-210: Ergonomics of human-system interaction - Part 210: Human-centered design for interactive systems (ISO 9241-210:2010) German version EN ISO 9241-210:2010 (2010)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Luczak, H.: Untersuchungen informatorischer Belastung und Beanspruchung des Menschen. VDI-Z. 10(2), 13–18 (1975)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Schlick, C., Bruder, R., Luczak, H.: Arbeitswissenschaft. vollst. überarb. und erw, vol. 3. Springer, Heidelberg (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Rudlof, C.: Handbuch Software-Ergonomie – Usability Engineering, pp. 27–62. Unfallkasse Post und Telekom, Tübingen (2006)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Herfs, W., Kolster, D., Lohse, W.: Handlungsorientierte Werkzeugmaschinen-HMI. Vernetzte Apps steigern die Benutzerfreundlichkeit der Maschinen. atp Edit. Automatisierungstechnische Prax. 55(11), 32–41 (2013)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Czerniak, J.N., Hellig, T., Kiehn, A., Brandl, C., Mertens, A., Schlick, C.M.: Analysis of different types of navigational structures for machine tool controlling. In: Kurosu, M. (ed.) HCI 2016. LNCS, vol. 9733, pp. 494–504. Springer, Cham (2016). doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-39513-5_46 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    DIN EN ISO 9241-110: Ergonomics of human-system interaction – Part 110: Dialogue principles (ISO 9241-110:2006); German version EN ISO 9241-110:2006 (2006)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Gedia et al.: The IsoMetrics Manual Version 1.15. The section “Arbeits- & Organisationspsychologie” and “Methodenlehre” of the University Osnabrück (1998)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Zijlstra, F., van Doorn, L.: The construction of a scale to measure subjective effort. Technical report. Delft University of Technology (1985)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Julia N. Czerniak
    • 1
    Email author
  • Christopher Brandl
    • 1
  • Alexander Mertens
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Industrial Engineering and ErgonomicsRWTH Aachen UniversityAachenGermany

Personalised recommendations