The Importance of Specific Usability Guidelines for Robot User Interfaces

  • Julia Ramos CampanaEmail author
  • Manuela Quaresma
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10289)


In the field of robotics, user interfaces have the important role of aiding humans in better interactions with robots. Hence, until full autonomy becomes a reality, user interfaces are an essential way to communicate necessary information to interact with robotic systems. This article examines which principles of design have been used in Human-Robot Interaction (HRI) to understand further how can usability guidelines can improve the development of user interfaces built to integrate solutions considered as “complex systems”; simultaneous compositions of software behaviors, present in a great deal of industrial solutions and HRI research.

Industrial robots have been used in a variety of situations, ranging from in Situ maintenance, to space exploration and the central role of humans in the interaction with automated systems is to undertake what is called supervisory control through monitoring and supervision of operational tasks. Research in interface design can contribute significantly to increase system performance and collaboration between man and robots. As robotic systems evolve the goal for human-in-the-loop activities should not be to eliminate the human, but rather to create human-system collaboration with greater capabilities than the individual components. Therefore, the investigation of guidelines for the elaboration of the more efficient interface in the interaction with robots can greatly contribute with usability principles.


Robots AI agents DUXU Robot user interface Design guidelines Usability principles 



13 Robotics Robótica Ltda. is gratefully the financial support of Energia Sustentável do Brasil and the ANEEL R&D program (contract COPPETEC/UFRJ JIRAU 09/156631-0003/2015) project EMMA 02 – Protótipo para Revestimento Robótico de Turbinas In Situ.


  1. 1.
    Scholtz, J.: Evaluation methods for human-system performance of intelligent systems. In: Proceedings of the 2002 Performance Metrics for Intelligent Systems Workshop, Gaithersburg (2002)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Drury, J.L., Scholtz, J., Yanco, H.A.: Awareness in human-robot interactions. In: IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, vol. 1, pp. 912–918. IEEE, October 2003Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Garcia, E., Jimenez, M.A., De Santos, P.G., Armada, M.: The evolution of robotics research. IEEE Robot. Autom. Mag. 14(1), 90–103 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Murphy, R.R.: Rescue robotics for homeland security. Commun. ACM 47(3), 66–68 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Fong, T., Thorpe, C., Baur, C.: Collaboration, dialogue, human-robot interaction. In: Jarvis, R.A., Zelinsky, A. (eds.) Robotics Research. STAR, vol. 6, pp. 255–266. Springer, Heidelberg (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Scholtz, J.: Theory and evaluation of human robot interactions. In: Proceedings of the 36th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, p. 10-pp. IEEE, January 2003Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Regev, Y.: The evolution of offline programming. Ind. Robot 22(3), 3 (1995)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Parasuraman, R.N., Sinderman: Human-Automation Interaction. Hfes, Santa Monica (2006)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Parasuraman, R., Sheridan, T.B., Wickens, C.D.: A model for types and levels of human interaction with automation. IEEE Trans. Syst. Man Cybern. Part A Syst. Hum. 30(3), 286–297 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Naveed, S., Rao, N.I., Mertsching, B.: Multi robot user interface design based on HCI principles. Int. J. Hum. Comput. Interact. (IJHCI) 5(5), 64 (2014)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Norman, D.A.: The psychopathology of everyday things. In: Levitin, D.J. (ed.) Foundations of Cognitive Psychology: Core Readings, pp. 417–443. MIT Press, Cambridge (2002)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Norman, D.A.: Design principles for human-computer interfaces. In: Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. ACM (1983)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Jordan, P.W.: An Introduction to Usability. CRC Press, New York (1998)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Shneiderman, B.: Designing the User Interface: Strategies for Effective Human-Computer Interaction. Pearson Education India, New Delhi (2010)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Nielsen, J.: Usability inspection methods. In: Conference Companion on Human Factors in Computing Systems, pp. 413–414. ACM, April 1994Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Goodrich, M.A., Olsen, D.R.: Seven principles of efficient human robot interaction. In: IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, vol. 4, pp. 3942–3948. IEEE, October 2003Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Drury, J.L., Hestand, D., Yanco, H.A., Scholtz, J.: Design guidelines for improved human-robot interaction. In: CHI 2004 Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems, pp. 1540–1540. ACM, April 2004Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Nam, C.S., Johnson, S., Li, Y., Seong, Y.: Evaluation of human–agent user interfaces in multi-agent systems. Int. J. Ind. Ergon. 39(1), 192–201 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Keyes, B., Yanco, H.A., Drury, J.L., Micire, M.: Improving human-robot interaction through interface evolution. In: Chugo, D. (ed.) human-robot interaction, pp. 183–202. INTECH Open Access Publisher, Vienna (2010)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Yamanouchi, W., Yokokura, Y., Katsura, S., Ohishi, K.: Bilateral teleoperation with dimensional scaling for realization of mobile-hapto. In: 34th Annual Conference of IEEE on Industrial Electronics, IECON 2008, pp. 1590–1595. IEEE, November 2008Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Salaberry, M.R.: The use of technology for second language learning and teaching: a retrospective. Modern Lang. J. 85(1), 39–56 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Bahadur, S., Sagar, B.K., Kondreddy, M.K.: User interface design with visualization techniques. Int. J. Res. Eng. Appl. Sci. 2(6), 53–55 (2012)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Clarkson, E., Arkin, R.C.: Applying heuristic evaluation to human-robot interaction systems. In: Flairs Conference, pp. 44–49 (2007)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Chen, J.Y., Haas, E.C., Barnes, M.J.: Human performance issues and user interface design for teleoperated robots. IEEE Trans. Syst. Man Cybern. Part C (Appl. Rev.) 37(6), 1231–1245 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.LEUI—Laboratory of Ergodesign and Usability InterfacesPUC-Rio UniversityRio de JaneiroBrazil
  2. 2.13 Robotics Robótica Ltda.Rio de JaneiroBrazil

Personalised recommendations