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Analysis of Social Interaction Narratives in Unaffected Siblings of Children with ASD Through Latent Dirichlet Allocation

  • Victoria NewtonEmail author
  • Isabel Solis
  • Glory Emmanuel Aviña
  • Jonathan T. McClain
  • Cynthia King
  • Kristina T. Rewin Ciesielski
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10284)

Abstract

Children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and their unaffected siblings (US) are frequent targets of social bullying, which leads to severe physical, emotional, and social consequences. Understanding the risk factors is essential for developing preventative measures. We suggest that one such risk factor may be a difficulty to discriminate different biological body movements (BBM), a task that requires fast and flexible processing and interpretation of complex visual cues, especially during social interactions. Deficits in cognition of BBM have been reported in ASD. Since US display an autism endophenotype we expect that they will also display deficits in social interpretation of BBM. Methods. Participants: 8 US, 8 matched TD children, age 7–14; Tasks/Measurements: Social Blue Man Task: Narrative interpretation with a Latent Dirichlet Allocation [LDA] analysis; Social Experience Questionnaires with children and parents. Results. The US displayed as compared to TD: (i) low self-awareness of social bullying in contrast to high parental reports; (ii) reduced speed in identifying social cues; (iii) lower quality and repetitious wording in social interaction narratives (LDA). Conclusions. US demonstrate social endophenotype of autism reflected in delayed identification, interpretation and verbalization of social cues; these may constitute a high risk factor for becoming a victim of social bullying.

Keywords

Autism spectrum disorder Unaffected siblings Biological body movement Bullying Social narratives LDA 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Victoria Newton
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Isabel Solis
    • 1
  • Glory Emmanuel Aviña
    • 3
  • Jonathan T. McClain
    • 2
  • Cynthia King
    • 4
  • Kristina T. Rewin Ciesielski
    • 1
    • 5
  1. 1.Pediatric Neuroscience LaboratoryThe University of New MexicoAlbuquerqueUSA
  2. 2.Sandia National LaboratoriesAlbuquerqueUSA
  3. 3.Sandia National LaboratoriesLivermoreUSA
  4. 4.Department of Psychiatry, School of MedicineUNMAlbuquerqueUSA
  5. 5.MGH/HMS Athinoula A. Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging, Radiology, Massachusetts General HospitalHarvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA

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