Asphalt Mixtures

  • Dallas N. LittleEmail author
  • David H. Allen
  • Amit Bhasin


The focus of this chapter is to combine the different asphalt mixture constituents and discuss the typical approaches used to design an asphalt mixture. The chapter discusses the methods that are used to prepare mixture specimens in a laboratory environment, as well as their strengths and weaknesses. The chapter also presents a generic approach to designing an asphalt mixture. Mixture volumetrics are used as the simplest measure for mixture quality and a predictor. Examples of common methods such as the Marshall and Superpave volumetric mixture design are also presented. The use of laboratory tests to evaluate mixture performance is discussed.


Laboratory compaction Marshall mix design method Superpave mix design method Voids in mineral aggregate (VMA) Voids filled with asphalt (VFA) Maximum specific gravity Bulk density Air voids Optimum binder content Effective binder content 


  1. Arega, Z., & Bhasin, A. (2012). Binder rheology and performance in Warm Mix Asphalt. Austin, TX: University of Texas at Austin, Center for Transportation Research.Google Scholar
  2. Blankenship, P. B., Mahboub, K. C., & Huber, G. A. (1994). Rational method for laboratory compaction of hot-mix asphalt. Transportation Research Record, 1454.Google Scholar
  3. Button, J. W. et al. (1994). Correlation of selected laboratory compaction methods with field compaction. Transportation Research Record, (1454). Retrieved May 7, 2015, from
  4. Button, J. W., Chowdhury, A., & Bhasin, A. (2006). Transitioning from texas gyratory compactor to Superpave gyratory compactor. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 1970(1), 106–115.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Consuegra, A. et al. (1989). Comparative evaluation of laboratory compaction devices based on their ability to produce mixtures with engineering properties similar to those produced in the field. Transportation Research Record, (1228). Retrieved May 7, 2015, from
  6. Harvey, J. et al. (1994). Effects of laboratory specimen preparation on aggregate-asphalt structure, air void content measurement and repetitive shear test results. Transportation Research Record, (1454). Retrieved May 7, 2015, from
  7. Huber, G. A., Kennedy, T. W., & Anderson, M. (1994). The superpave mix design manual for new construction and overlays, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  8. Masad, E. A. et al. (2010). Modeling of hot-mix asphalt compaction : A thermodynamics-based compressible viscoelastic model, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dallas N. Little
    • 1
    Email author
  • David H. Allen
    • 1
  • Amit Bhasin
    • 2
  1. 1.Texas A&M UniversityCollege StationUSA
  2. 2.The University of Texas at AustinAustinUSA

Personalised recommendations