• Dallas N. LittleEmail author
  • David H. Allen
  • Amit Bhasin


This chapter gives an overview of the history of pavements and roadways, beginning with prehistorical evidence going back more than 100,000 years. Particular attention is paid to Roman roads, which appear to have been the first established roadway network on Earth. Modern roadways, beginning with railways, are discussed in some detail, including bridges and unique structures such as the Eiffel Tower. The impact of the development of the automobile on roadways is briefly described, and the introduction of asphalt as a roadway material is discussed. The historical introduction is followed by a technical introduction to the subject of pavement design, together with the myriad of failure mechanisms that are observed in flexible pavements. This chapter concludes with a road map for using this text.


Historical introduction Pavement history Roman roads Ancient concrete Ancient aqueducts Suspension bridges Eiffel Tower Ancient asphalt Roadway materials Fatigue cracking Surface aging Bleeding Longitudinal cracking Pushing Reflective cracking Thermal cracking Raveling Stripping Potholing Rutting Surface wear Alligator cracking Textbook road map 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dallas N. Little
    • 1
    Email author
  • David H. Allen
    • 1
  • Amit Bhasin
    • 2
  1. 1.Texas A&M UniversityCollege StationUSA
  2. 2.The University of Texas at AustinAustinUSA

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