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Process Performance and Microbial Community Structure of an Anaerobic Baffled Reactor for Natural Rubber Processing Wastewater Treatment

  • T. Watari
  • P. T. Thao
  • Y. Hirakata
  • M. Hatamoto
  • D. Tanikawa
  • K. Syutsubo
  • N. L. Huong
  • N. M. Tan
  • M. Fukuda
  • T. Yamaguchi
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 4)

Abstract

Natural rubber processing wastewater contains high concentration of organic compounds mainly acids and ammonia. This wastewater also contains large amount of residual rubber particles. In this study, a laboratory-scale experiment was conducted to evaluate process performance of anaerobic baffled reactor (ABR) treating this wastewater. In addition, microbial community structure in different compartments of ABR was characterized. The highest COD removal efficiency of 92.3 ± 6.3% was observed when operated under organic loading rate of 1.4 ± 0.3 kg-COD·m−3·day−1. Maximum methane gas production of 29.8 NL·day−1 was observed on day 177. Massively parallel next generation sequencing showed the difference of acetogen community could be caused by the difference in pH of these compartments. Acetate utilizing methanogen Methanosaeta was predominantly detected in the 3rd and 4th compartments with abundance of 9.8% to 16.4%. This result indicated that the ABR is considered as a novel applicable treatment system for this wastewater.

Keywords

Anaerobic treatment Microbial community analysis Natural rubber processing wastewater 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was supported in part by research grants from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan, the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, and JST/JICA, Science and Technology Research partnership for Sustainable Development (SATREPS).

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Watari
    • 1
    • 3
    • 4
    • 9
  • P. T. Thao
    • 2
    • 9
  • Y. Hirakata
    • 5
    • 9
  • M. Hatamoto
    • 1
    • 6
    • 9
  • D. Tanikawa
    • 7
    • 9
  • K. Syutsubo
    • 8
    • 9
  • N. L. Huong
    • 2
    • 9
  • N. M. Tan
    • 3
    • 9
  • M. Fukuda
    • 8
    • 9
  • T. Yamaguchi
    • 1
    • 6
    • 9
  1. 1.Department of Environmental Systems EngineeringNagaoka University of TechnologyNagaokaJapan
  2. 2.Department of BiotechnologyHanoi University of Science and TechnologyHanoiVietnam
  3. 3.Department of Chemical EngineeringHanoi University of Science and TechnologyHanoiVietnam
  4. 4.Environmental Engineering and Water Technology DepartmentUNESCO-IHEDelftThe Netherlands
  5. 5.Department of Science of Technology InnovationNagaoka University of TechnologyNagaokaJapan
  6. 6.Top Runner Incubation Center for Academia-Industry FusionNagaoka University of TechnologyNagaokaJapan
  7. 7.Department Civil and Environmental EngineeringNational Institute of Technology, Kure CollegeKureJapan
  8. 8.Center for Regional Environmental Research TsukubaNational Institute for Environmental StudiesTsukubaJapan
  9. 9.Department of BioengineeringNagaoka University of TechnologyNagaokaJapan

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