Advertisement

Performance and Kinetic Analysis of a Static Granular Bed Reactor Treating Poultry Slaughterhouse Wastewater

  • M. Basitere
  • M. Njoya
  • M. S. Sheldon
  • S. K. O. Ntwampe
  • Z. Rinquest
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 4)

Abstract

Poultry slaughterhouses consume a substantial quantity of clean water during processing of live birds. Subsequently, high strength poultry slaughterhouse wastewater (PSW) is generated at different stages during poultry product processing. In this study, Static Granular Bed Reactor (SGBR) was used to treat the PSW from a poultry product processing facility in the Western Cape, South Africa. The performance of the SGBR was primarily evaluated for chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal with the kinetics of the treatment process of the PSW being evaluated using the modified Stover-Kincannon and the Grau second order models. Overall, the treatment efficiency averaged >90% when the SGBR were operated at steady state for a 68 days experimental trial. Furthermore, both the Grau second-order and the modified Stover-Kincannon models were used to develop a kinetic model which sufficiently described the COD removal. The Grau second-order model produced a better fit (R2 > 0.99) when compared to the Stover-Kincannon model (R2 > 0.80). The kinetic relationship derived from the lab-scale SGBRs can thus be used to predict the performance of the pilot scale SGBRs treating the PSW under mesophilic conditions.

Keywords

Static granular bed reactor Poultry slaughterhouse wastewater Grau-second order model Stover-Kincannon model 

Notes

Acknowledgement

The National Research Foundation of South Africa (NRF), Thuthuka Funding (R 402), supported this study.

References

  1. Debik E, Coskun T (2009) Use of the Static Granular Bed Reactor (SGBR) with anaerobic sludge to treat poultry slaughterhouse wastewater and kinetic modeling. Biores Technol 100:2777–2782CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ellis TG, Mach KF (2004). U.S. Patent No. 6,709,591. U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  3. Jijai S, Siripatana C, Sompong O, Ismail N (2016) Kinetic models for prediction of COD effluent from upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor for cannery seafood wastewater treatment. Jurnal Teknologi 78(5–6):93–99Google Scholar
  4. Park J, Oh JH, Ellis TG (2012) Evaluation of an on-site pilot static granular bed reactor (SGBR) for the treatment of slaughterhouse wastewater. Bioprocess Biosyst Eng 35(3):459–468CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Yu H, Wilson F, Tay JH (1998) Kinetic analysis of an anaerobic filter treating soybean wastewater. Water Res 32(11):3341–3352CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Basitere
    • 1
  • M. Njoya
    • 1
  • M. S. Sheldon
    • 1
  • S. K. O. Ntwampe
    • 2
  • Z. Rinquest
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringCape Peninsula University of TechnologyCape TownSouth Africa
  2. 2.Bioresource Engineering Research Group (BioERG), Department of BiotechnologyCape Peninsula University of TechnologyCape TownSouth Africa

Personalised recommendations