Application of the Oxic-Settling-Anaerobic Process in a Membrane Bioreactor for Excess Sludge Reduction
The main goal of this study was the evaluation of the excess sludge reduction in a MBR for biological nitrogen removal (BNR) through the implementation of the Oxic-Settling-Anaerobic (OSA) process. For this purpose, a MBR pilot plant (42 L volume) was realized according to a pre-denitrification scheme. The whole experimentation was divided into two periods, named Period 1 and Period 2, respectively. In Period 1 the pilot plant was started-up and the excess sludge production was evaluated. In Period 2 the plant configuration was partially modified by inserting an anaerobic reactor into the return activated sludge (RAS) line to realize an OSA configuration. In Period 1, the Yobs resulted equal to 0.39 gVSS g−1CODremoved, in accordance with the reference values for MBR plants reported in the literature (Wang et al. 2013). Similarly, all the kinetic and stoichiometric parameters, for both autotrophic and heterotrophic biomass, resulted in line with those reported in a MBR with a pre-denitrification scheme (Lubello et al. 2009). In contrast, in Period 2 the Yobs showed a significant decrease, reaching a pseudo steady-state value of 0.17 gVSS g−1CODremoved at the end of the experiments, highlighting a reduction of 55% compared to Period 1.
KeywordsMembrane bioreactor Excess sludge minimization OSA
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