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Stress-Related Tinnitus Treatment Protocols

New Treatment Approaches for Chronic Tinnitus-Related Distress
  • Rilana F. F. CimaEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Tinnitus suffering might be understood as a function of tinnitus-related distress, which is a reaction to negative stressors and leads to a very negative and aversive state, when processes of adaptation to stressors and the efforts thereto have failed to return the organism to calmness of homeostasis. This chapter will provide an overview of this phenomenon. To provide a framework for the treatment avenues that are typically designed to relieve tinnitus-related distress, several concepts such as stress, distress, and tinnitus suffering are presented. Furthermore, an overview of theoretical frameworks in which the psychological mechanisms are predicted by these models is presented. Finally, different treatment approaches will be described, and some of the most commonly used instruments used to assess tinnitus-related distress and associated variables will be presented.

Abbreviations

ACT

Acceptance and commitment therapy

CBT

Cognitive behavioral therapy

CR

Conditioned response

CS

Conditioned stimulus

FA

Fear avoidance

FTQ

Fear of Tinnitus Questionnaire

HR-QoL

Health-related quality of life

MBSR

Mindfulness-based stress reduction

NP

Neurophysiological

PVAQ

Pain Vigilance and Awareness Questionnaire

TAQ

Tinnitus Acceptance Questionnaire

TCS

Tinnitus Catastrophizing Scale

TDI

Tinnitus Disability Index

T-FAS

Tinnitus Fear-Avoidance Scale

THI

Tinnitus Handicap Inventory

THQ

Tinnitus Handicap Questionnaire

TQ

Tinnitus Questionnaire

TRQ

Tinnitus Reaction Questionnaire

TRT

Tinnitus retraining therapy

TSI

Tinnitus Severity Index

TFI

Tinnitus Functional Index

TSQ

Tinnitus Severity Questionnaire

TVAQ

Tinnitus Vigilance and Awareness Questionnaire

UR

Unconditioned response

US

Unconditioned stimulus

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Clinical Psychological Science, Behavioural Medicine Section i.s.o. UnitMaastricht UniversityMaastrichtThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Adelante, Centre of Research and Expertise in Rehabilitation and AudiologyHoensbroekThe Netherlands

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