Advertisement

Recreational Beaches as Factors of Involvement in a Coral Community: Colima Case Study

  • Marco Agustín Liñán-Cabello
  • Jesús Emilio Michel-Morfin
Chapter
Part of the Coastal Research Library book series (COASTALRL, volume 24)

Abstract

Despite the great ecological importance of coral reefs, they are under threat due to both natural and anthropogenic causes. When communities are located close to the coast, intensified human activity including pollution, overfishing, indiscriminate extraction, and deforestation of associated terrestrial ecosystems can destabilize a coral ecosystem, resulting in loss of coral cover. This research analyzes different factors that can affect coral health, particularly associated with proximity to recreational beaches on the coast of Colima, Mexico. Environmental and anthropogenic factors affecting the loss of coral cover are analyzed in the La Boquita, as the main coral ecosystem of greater proximity to the beaches of great tourist load in Manzanillo. We also characterize some of the signs of stress response demonstrated by the Pocillopora genus, which is the most dominant in the region. We analyze various factors directly or indirectly related to tourists from nearby beaches, and the ways in which these factors can interact with other elements of stress, thereby helping to promote stress and affecting adaptive and reproductive capacity of the coral community. The communities of La Boquita and Carrizales are subject to different stressful conditions, and this is reflected in most indicators of reef health. La Boquita community shows signs of greater effects arising from excessive tourism and overfishing that have contributed to loss of coral coverage. Part of the current problem is caused by an influx of visitors from the beach of the same name. Negative effects stemming from lack of knowledge and awareness on the part of visitors and service providers are compounded by authorities’ insufficient efforts to carry out sustained and efficient surveillance, control, and use of these reefs.

Keywords

Coral reef Coral cover Recreational beaches Tourist pressure Bleaching 

References

  1. Antizar-Ladislao B (2008) Environmental levels, toxicity and human exposure to tributyltin (TBT)-contaminated marine environment. A review. Environ Int 34(2):292–308CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bachelot M, Li Z, Munaron D, Le Gall P, Casellas C, Fenet H et al (2012) Organic UV filter concentrations in marine mussels from French coastal regions. Sci Total Environ 420:273–279CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Birrell CL, McCook LJ, Willis BL (2005) Effects of algal turfs and sediment on coral settlement. Mar Pollut Bull 51(1):408–414CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cadena-Estrada A (2015) Indicadores ecológicos de peces crípticos y su relación con el habitat bentónico en dos comunidades coralinas, la Boquita y Bahía Carrizales, Colima. Tesis de Maestría, Universidad de Colima, Manzanillo, Col.Google Scholar
  5. Cesar H, Burke L, Pet-Soede L (2003) The economics of worldwide coral reef degradation. Cesar Environmental Economics Consulting and WWF-Netherlands, ArhemGoogle Scholar
  6. Coronado M, De Haro H, Deng X, Rempel MA, Lavado R, Schlenk D (2008) Estrogenic activity and reproductive effects of the UV-filter oxybenzone (2- hydroxyl 4- methoxyphenyl-methanone). Fish. Aquat Toxicol 90(3):182–187CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Domínguez-Ojeda D, Patrón-Soberano OA, Nieto-Navarro JT, Robledo-Marenco MDL, Velázquez-Fernández JB (2015) Imposex en Plicopurpura pansa (Neogastropoda: Thaididae) en Nayarit y Sinaloa, México. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 86(2):531–534CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Flores-Ramírez LA, Liñán-Cabello MA (2007) Relationships among thermal stress, bleaching and oxidative damage in the hermatypic coral, Pocillopora capitata. Comp Biochem Physiol C: Toxicol Pharmacol 146(1):194–202Google Scholar
  9. Florian-Álvarez P (2006) Diversos indicadores de presión antropogénica sobre el arrecife coralino La Boquita, Manzanillo, Colima, Méx. Tesis de Licenciatura.. Universidad de Colima, Manzanillo, México.Google Scholar
  10. Gaviño-Rodríguez JH, Reyes-Herrera EA, Obeso-Nieblas M, Quijano-Scheggia S, García-García M, Olivos-Ortiz A, et al (2011, Octubre) Aspectos hidrodinámicos de la laguna de juluapan, colima trabajo presentado en el XVIII Congreso Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología del Mar, Guaymas, MéxicoGoogle Scholar
  11. Giokas DL, Salvador A, Chisvert A (2007) UV filters: from sunscreens to human body and the environment. TrAC Trends Anal Chem 26(5):360–374CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Heidrich DD, Steckelbroeck S, Klingmuller D (2001) Inhibition of human cytochrome P450 aromatase activity by butyltins. Steroids 66(10):763–769CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. INEGI (2009) Prontuario de información geográfica municipal de los estados unidos mexicanos. Manzanillo, Colima. Clave geoestadística 06007. Retrieved, from INEGI Web site via GPO Access: http://www3.inegi.org.mx/sistemas/mexicocifras/datos-geograficos/06/06007.pdf
  14. Iñiguez LS, Corona CGG, Miramontes LG, Mendoza AL (2007) El impacto de la actividad turística en la calidad bacteriológica del agua de mar. Gac Ecol 82:69–76Google Scholar
  15. International Maritime Organization (2003) International convention on the control of harmful anti-fouling systems on ships. AFS/CONF/26. 18 http://www.uscg.mil/hq/cg5/cg522/cg5224/docs/Antifouling.pdf
  16. Islas-Peña T, Liñán-Cabello MA, Torres-Orozco E (2013) Evaluation of two techniques for restoration of pocillopora spp.: early effects of species and marine environment. In: Liñán-Cabello MA (ed) Corals: Classification, habitat and ecological significance. Nova Publisher Science, New York, pp 133–152Google Scholar
  17. Korbee N, Figueroa FL, Aguilera J (2006) Acumulación de aminoácidos tipo micosporina (MAAs): biosíntesis, fotocontrol y funciones ecofisiológicas. Rev Chil Hist Nat 79(1):119–132CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Lake PS (2013) Resistance, resilience and restoration. Ecol Manage Restor 14(1):20–24CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Laurel-Sandoval MAM, Soto RSA, Liñán-Cabello MA, Rodríguez-Sala B, Gómez Gil, Dinsdale E (2013, octubre) Caracterización de la comunidad microbiana del coral pocillopora capitata en las comunidades arrecifales de manzanillo, Colima. Trabajo presentado en el 7mo Congreso Mexicano & 1er Congreso Panamericano de Arrecifes Coralinos. Merida, MéxicoGoogle Scholar
  20. Lee RF, Steinert S (2003) Use of the single cell gel electrophoresis/comet assay for detecting DNA damage in aquatic (marine and freshwater) animals. Mutat Res Rev Mutat Res 544(1):43–64CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Liñán-Cabello MA, Flores-Ramírez LA, Zenteno-Savin T, Olguín-Monroy NO, Sosa-Avalos R, Patiño-Barragan M et al (2010) Seasonal changes of antioxidant and oxidative parameters in the coral pocillopora capitata on the pacific coast of Mexico. Mar Ecol 31(3):407–417Google Scholar
  22. Liñán-Cabello MA, Flores-Ramírez L, Zacarias J, Robelo O, Lezama-Cervantes C (2006) Correlation of chlorophyll a and total carotenoid concentrations with coral bleaching from locations on the Pacific coast of Mexico. Mar Freshw Behav Physiol 39(4):279–229CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Liñán-Cabello MA, Hernández-Medina D, Florián-Álvarez P, Mena-Herrera A (2008) Estado actual del arrecife coralino ‘La Boquita’, Colima. IRIDIA 5:10–23Google Scholar
  24. Liñán-Cabello MA, Olivos-Ortiz A, Quijano-Scheggia S, Muñiz D, Reséndiz-Flores ML, Ortega-Ortiz CD (2016) Effects of terrestrial runoff on the coral communities in Santiago Bay, Colima, Mexican Pacific Coast. Rev Biol Trop 64(3):1185–1200CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Liñán-Cabello MA, Flores-Ramírez LA, Cobo-Díaz MG, Zenteno-Savin T, Olguín-Monroy NO, Olivos-Ortíz A et al (2009) Response to short term ultraviolet stress in the reef-building coral pocillopora capitata (Anthozoa: Scleractinia). Rev Biol Trop 58:103–118CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Micheli F, Saenz-Arroyo A, Greenley A, Vazquez L, Montes JAE, Rossetto M et al (2012) Evidence that marine reserves enhance resilience to climatic impacts. PLoS One 7(7):e40832. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0040832 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Myrberg AA Jr (1981) Sound communication and interception in fishes. In: Tavolga WN, Popper AN, Fay RR (eds) Hearing and sound communication in fishes. Springer, New York, pp 395–426CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Myrberg AA (1990) The effects of man-made noise on the behavior of marine animals. Environ Int 16(4):575–586CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Nakanishi T (2007) Potential toxicity of organotin compounds via nuclear receptor signaling in mammals. J Health Sci 53(1):1–9CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Nakanishi T (2008) Endocrine disruption induced by organotin compounds; organotins function as a powerful agonist for nuclear receptors rather than an aromatase inhibitor. J Toxicol Sci 33(3):269–276CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Oehlmann J, Fioroni P, Stroben E, Markert B (1996) Tributyltin (TBT) effects on Ocinebrina aciculate (Gastropoda: Muricidae): Imposex development, sterilization, sex change and population decline. Sci Total Environ 188:205–223CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Patterson KL, Porter JW, Ritchie KB, Polson SW, Mueller E, Peters EC et al (2002) The etiology of white pox, a lethal disease of the Caribbean elkhorn coral, Acropora palmata. Proc Natl Acad Sci 99(13):8725–8730CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Pérez EMC, Ramírez RC, Ávalos AA (2014) Valoración de la oferta turística del destino turístico Manzanillo, México. Revistea Turydes: Turismo y Desarrollo, 7. Retrieved Oct 25, 2016 from http://www.eumed.net/rev/turydes/17/manzanillo.html
  34. Popper AN, Fewtrell J, Smith ME, McCauley RD (2003) Anthropogenic sound: effects on the behavior and physiology of fishes. Mar Tech Soc J 37:35–40CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Ramos-Vasconcelos GR, Cardoso LA, Hermes-Lima M (2005) Seasonal modulation of free radical metabolism in estivating land snails helix aspersa. Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol 140(2):165–174CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Reyes Bonilla H, Calderón-Aguilera LE, Cruz-Piñon G, Medina-Rosas P, López-Pérez RA, Herrero-Pérezrul MD et al (2005) Atlas de corales pétreos (Anthozoa: Scleractinia) del Pacífico Mexicano. Cicese, conabio, conacyt, uabcs, udeg-cucosta, umar, Puerto VallartaGoogle Scholar
  37. Reyes-Bonilla H, Carriquiry J, Leyte-Morales G, Cupul-Magaña A (2002) Effects of the el Niño-southern oscillation and the anti-el Niño event (1997–1999) on coral reefs of the western coast of Mexico. Coral Reefs 21(4):368–372Google Scholar
  38. Rodríguez-Fuentes G, Luna-Ramírez K, Soto M (2010) Sunscreen use behaviour and most frequently used active ingredients among beachgoers on Cancun, Mexico. WebmedCentral Derm 1(12.) Retrieved Oct 25, 2016 from http://www.webmedcentral.com/article_view/1364
  39. Rogers A, Harborne AR, Brown CJ, Bozec YM, Castro C, Chollett I et al (2015) Anticipative management for coral reef ecosystem services in the 21st century. Glob Chang Biol 21(2):504–514CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Samuel Y, Morreale SJ, Clark CW, Greene CH, Richmond ME (2005) Underwater low-frequency noise in a coastal sea turtle habitat. J Acoust Soc Am 117(3):1465–1472CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Schlumpf M, Schmid P, Durrer S, Conscience M, Maerkel K, Henseler M et al (2004) Endocrine activity and developmental toxicity of cosmetic UV filters—an update. Toxicology 205(1):113–122CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Scholik AR, Yan HY (2001) Effects of underwater noise on auditory sensitivity of a cyprinid fish. Hear Res 152(1):17–24CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Silva-Iñiguez L, Gutiérrez-Corona CG, Pérez-López R, Sosa-Avalos R, López-Magaña SA (2013) Playas y Manejo aptitud recreativa en playas turísticas de Manzanillo, Colima, México. Eur Sci J 4:331–340Google Scholar
  44. Slabbekoorn H, Bouton N, van Opzeeland I, Coers A, ten Cate C, Popper AN (2010) A noisy spring: the impact of globally rising underwater sound levels on fish. Trends Ecol Evol 25(7):419–427CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Smith ME, Kane AS, Popper AN (2004) Noise-induced stress response and hearing loss in goldfish (Carassius auratus). J Exp Biol 207(3):427–435CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Soriano-Santiago OS, Liñán-Cabello MA, Delgadillo-Nuño MA, Ortega-Ortiz C, Cuevas-Venegas S (2013) Physiological responses to oxidative stress associated with pH variations in host tissue and zooxanthellae of hermatypic coral pocillopora capitata. Mar Freshw Behav Physiol 46(5):275–286CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Stambler N, Dubinsky Z (2004) Stress effects on metabolism and photosynthesis of hermatypic corals. In: Rosenberg E, Loya Y (eds) Coral Health and disease. Springer, Berlin, pp 195–215CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Tanabe S (1999) Butyltin contamination in marine mammals–a review. Mar Pollut Bull 39(1):62–72CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Tanabe S (2002) Contamination and toxic effects of persistent endocrine disrupters in marine mammals and birds. Mar Pollut Bull 45(1):69–77CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Williams GJ, Gove JM, Eynaud Y, Zgliczynski BJ, Sandin SA (2015) Local human impacts decouple natural biophysical relationships on Pacific coral reefs. Ecography 38(8):751–761CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Yakovleva I, Bhagooli R, Takemura A, Hidaka M (2004) Differential susceptibility to oxidative stress of two scleractinian corals: antioxidant functioning of mycosporine-glycine. Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol 139(4):721–730CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Zacarias-Salinas JS (2007) Caracterización del fenómeno de blanqueamiento en las comunidades coralinas de la Boquita y Bahía Carrizales en el verano 2004. Tesis de Licenciatura. Universidad de Colima, Manzanillo, MéxicoGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marco Agustín Liñán-Cabello
    • 1
  • Jesús Emilio Michel-Morfin
    • 2
  1. 1.Facultad de Ciencias MarinasUniversidad de ColimaManzanilloMexico
  2. 2.Departamento de Estudios para el Desarrollo Sustentable de Zonas CosterasCUCSUR, Universidad de GuadalajaraGuadalajaraMexico

Personalised recommendations