Evolutional Trends and the Current Management of the Beach-Dune Systems Along the Western Polish Coast (Southern Baltic Sea)

Chapter
Part of the Coastal Research Library book series (COASTALRL, volume 24)

Abstract

The chapter describes evolutional trends and the current management of the beach-dune systems along the western coast of Poland, as exemplified by the Świna Gate Spit. The western coast of Poland, like the remaining part of the Baltic Sea shore, was formed in the Holocene as a result of transformations induced during different stages of the Baltic Sea evolution. Beaches are the extension of the submerged part of the coast. The major beach parameters (height, slope, width, packing of sand and gravel) are associated with storm characteristics.

During the last 8000 years, the shoreline of the western coast of Poland was shifted back and forth, the shifting occurring over longer and shorter periods of time. As a result, the appearance of the coast was thus subject to alterations. Longer evolutional changes in the coastal zone, of a 300-year-long period, resulted in the shoreline being moved south over a total distance exceeding 100 km. The net result was the emergence of a spit consisting of brown, yellow, light-yellow-grey and grey dunes, a picturesque beach-dune landscape being of the highlights of the spit.

Current evolutional trends in the coastal zone affect the choice of methods for protection of beaches and their hinterland. It should be borne in mind that natural processes proceeding at present directly influence the coastal zone management and the organisation of the socio-economic space at the western coast of Poland.

An index of touristic attractiveness for the coastal zone, I TA(CZ), has been developed. The index consists of three components: the index of natural touristic attractiveness, I NTA , the index of cultural touristic attractiveness, I CTA , and the index of techno-infrastructural attractiveness, I TI . The overall index makes it possible to compare the attractiveness of seaside resorts for tourists in a relatively and straightforward manner.

Keywords

Evolutional trends Transgressions Regressions Baltic Sea Coastal management Touristic attractiveness index 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.West Pomeranian University of TechnologySzczecinPoland
  2. 2.Department of Geotechnical EngineeringSection of Engineering Geology and HydrogeologySzczecinPoland

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