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Privatization of the Mexican Coast, the Case of the Municipality of Solidaridad, Quintana Roo from the Perspective of the Public Administration and Everyday Life Practices

  • Ulsía Urrea-MariñoEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Coastal Research Library book series (COASTALRL, volume 24)

Abstract

The goal of the present research is the study of the privatization of the Mexican coast taking as an example the Municipality of Solidaridad in the state of Quintana Roo. The study focusses on two types of privatizing; the first is the paradigm of the new public administration (or New Public Management). Based on, the latter the use of two juridical acts is considered: the concession of the Maritime Terrestrial Federal Zone (ZOFEMAT) and the Land Taken from the Sea (TGM), and the transfer of title of TGM such as the privatizing of the coasts as a result of the privatization of the Mexican public administration or administrative privatization. The second, is related to the privatization of the public space. In the case of this study it is associated to the privatization of the beaches based on the everyday life practices like non-access, obstruction of the free transit and exclusion of certain type of tourists and local inhabitants of the littoral. This concept has been named privatizing of factum. The hypothesis suggested is that both are presented simultaneously on the coast. To achieve the objective of the investigation, in-depth interviews have been carried out, participant observations have been done and request for public information (SIP) have been developed on three governmental levels. Through these request for public information it was possible to get information of 17 concession titles with their respective fideicommisa, from which non-conclussive partial results on administrative privatization were obtained. We have found that no transfer of titles of TGM have been given. To define the privatization of factum we organized the information collected from the fieldwork to be able to identify the expression of the so-called privatization of factum in every identified place (hotels, beach clubs, housing development, joint ownership and urban zone) in the littoral of the Municipality of Solidaridad. Also, we established the differences between the privatization of factum and the concepts of segregation, (spatial, socio-spatial, functional and social) exclusion and appropriation, with which this privatization of factum is related; it is even confused in specialized literature. In conclusion both types of privatization (administrative and of factum) are presented on the littoral of the Municipality of Solidaridad, as it has been proposed in the hypothesis.

Keywords

Privatization Coast Mexico Concession Transfer of title Everyday life practices 

Notes

Acknowledgments

I want to thank the National Council for Science and Technology of Mexico (CONACyT) for the scholarship granted to carry out my Master’s degree. I also want to thank El Colegio de México for having me trained as a Master in Urban Studies.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre of Demographic, Urban and Environmental StudiesEl Colegio de MéxicoMexico CityMéxico

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