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Nourishing Tourist Beaches

  • Enzo Pranzini
  • Giorgio Anfuso
  • Camilo M. Botero
Chapter
Part of the Coastal Research Library book series (COASTALRL, volume 24)

Abstract

Beach nourishment is the most environmental friendly technique to contrast coastal erosion. The main goal for designers is to expand the beach to have a wider surface on which wave energy is dissipated and on which to host tourism activity (i.e. to increase the carrying capacity). The increase of erosion problems and tourist demand for wide beaches result in the necessity of great quantities of borrow sand. This can result in sand quality reduction in terms of grain size and sand colour. Several cases are analysed in which beach nourishment changed original sand grain size and beach slope (e.g. Cavoli, Italy; Cadiz, Spain), with negative impact on beach morphodynamic, usability and bathing safety, and beach colour, with relevant impact on landscape and sand temperature. Concerning beach morphodynamic, at many places the dry beach was enlarged and foreshore recorded a great increase, changing the morphodynamic state from a dissipative one, characterized by spilling breakers, to an intermediate-reflective one with plunging breakers. Some examples of beach colour changed are presented (i.e. Cagliari, Italy; Varadero, Cuba), filling with darker sand, thus arousing beachgoers displeasure. Methods to assess the compatibility of the borrow sand with the native one, both for size and for colour, are presented.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università di FirenzeFlorenceItaly
  2. 2.Departamento de Ciencias de la Tierra, Facultad de Ciencias del Mar y Ambientales, Universidad de CádizPolígono río San Pedro s/nCádizSpain
  3. 3.School of LawUniversidad Sergio ArboledaSanta MartaColombia

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