A Multi-Objective Optimization via Simulation Framework for Restructuring Traffic Networks Subject to Increases in Population

  • Enrique Gabriel BaquelaEmail author
  • Ana Carolina Olivera
Part of the Operations Research/Computer Science Interfaces Series book series (ORCS, volume 62)


Traffic network design is a complex problem due to its nonlinear and stochastic nature. The Origin-Destiny Traffic Assignment Problem is particular case of this problem. In it, we are faced with an increase in the system vehicle population; and, we want to determine where to set the generating nodes and the traffic consumers, minimizing the current system and trying to reduce necessary investment. Performing optimizations in an analytical way in this kind of problems tends to be really complicated and a bit impractical, since it is difficult to estimate vehicle flows. In this chapter, we propose the use of a Multi-Objective Particle Swamp Optimization together with Traffic Simulations in order to generate restructuring alternatives that optimize both, traffic flow and cost associated to this restructure. This approach allows to obtain a very good approximation of the Pareto Frontier of the problem, with a fast convergence to the low infrastructure cost solutions and a total coverage of the frontier when the number of iterations is high.


Traffic net design Particle swarm optimization Metaheuristics Traffic simulation Simulated optimization 



The work of Baquela E. G. was supported by the Universidad Tecnologica Nacional, under PID TVUTNSN0003605. Olivera A. C. thanks to ANPCyT for grant PICT 2014-0430, CONICET (PCB-I), and Universidad Nacional de la Patagonia Austral for PI 29/B168.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Enrique Gabriel Baquela
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ana Carolina Olivera
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Facultad Regional San NicolásUniversidad Tecnológica NacionalBuenos AiresArgentina
  2. 2.Departamento de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales - Unidad Académica Caleta OliviaSanta CruzArgentina
  3. 3.Universidad Nacional de la Patagonia Austral. CONICETSanta CruzArgentina

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