Advertisement

Technical Assistance Components

  • Adrian Robert BazbauersEmail author
Chapter
  • 210 Downloads
Part of the International Political Economy Series book series (IPES)

Abstract

In this chapter, Bazbauers offers the book’s first substantive review of World Bank technical assistance, focusing on technical assistance incorporated as components of lending operations. The chapter provides an overview of how technical assistance components (TACs) changed over time throughout the Bretton Woods, Washington Consensus, and post-Washington Consensus eras. In particular, the chapter highlights rural and urban poverty alleviation projects from the 1970s, structural and sectoral adjustment programs from the 1980s, post-Soviet transition projects from the 1990s, and development policy loans from the 2000s and 2010s. Case studies from Sub-Saharan Africa, Latin America, Southeast Asia, and Central and Eastern Europe are used to identify what has led to success and failure, with TACs measured pursuant to the World Bank’s ‘satisfactory’, ‘moderate’, and ‘unsatisfactory’ performance indicators.

References

  1. Argentina. 1986. Agricultural Sector Loan Project: Report and Recommendation of the President. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  2. Argentina. 1988a. Trade Policy Loan Project 02. Project ID: P005987; Approval Date 27 October 1988.Google Scholar
  3. Argentina. 1988b. Trade Policy Loan Project 02: Report and Recommendation of the President. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  4. Argentina. 1991. Agricultural Sector Loan Project: Project Completion Report. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  5. Argentina. 1994. Trade Policy and Export Diversification Loan and Second Trade Policy Loan: Project Completion Report. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  6. Åslund, Anders. 2007. How Capitalism was Built: The Transformation of Central and Eastern Europe, Russia, and Central Asia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Ayres, Robert. 1983. Banking on the Poor: The World Bank and World Poverty. Cambridge: The MIT Press.Google Scholar
  8. Bangladesh. 1976a. Agricultural and Rural Training Project: Appraisal Report. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  9. Bangladesh. 1976b. Agricultural and Rural Training Project: Report and Recommendation of the President. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  10. Bazbauers, Adrian Robert. 2012. The World Bank Group in the Baltic States: Transition, Accession, Crisis. International Journal of Arts & Sciences 5 (6): 1–18.Google Scholar
  11. Birdsall, Nancy, and Juan Luis Londono. 1997. Asset Inequality Matters: An Assessment of the World Bank’s Approach to Poverty Reduction. American Economic Review 87 (2): 32–37.Google Scholar
  12. Blough, Roy. 1968. The World Bank Group. International Organization 22 (1): 152–181.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Brazil. 2009. Rio State Fiscal Sustainability, Human Development, and Competitiveness DPL: Program Document. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  14. Brazil. 2010. Rio State Fiscal Sustainability, Human Development, and Competitiveness DPL. Project ID: P117244; Approval Date 2 February 2010.Google Scholar
  15. Brazil. 2011. Rio State Fiscal Sustainability, Human Development, and Competitiveness DPL: Implementation Completion and Results Report. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  16. Bulgaria. 2009a. Social Sectors Institutional Reform Development Policy Loan (SIR DPL 3). Project ID: P115400; Approval Date 14 May 2009.Google Scholar
  17. Bulgaria. 2009b. Social Sectors Institutional Reform Development Policy Loan (SIR DPL 3): Program Document. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  18. Buyck, Beatrice. 1991. The Bank’s Use of Technical Assistance for Institutional Development. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  19. Cassen, Robert. 1994. Does Aid Work? Report to an Intergovernmental Task Force 2nd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  20. Chile. 1953. Agricultural Machinery Project: First Loan Administration Report. Washington, DC: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development.Google Scholar
  21. Collins, Joseph, and Frances Moore Lappe. 1979. Whom Does the World Bank Serve? Economic and Political Weekly 14 (19): 853–856.Google Scholar
  22. Colombia. 1976. Integrated Rural Development Project: Staff Project Report. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  23. Colombia. 1987. Integrated Rural Development Project: Project Completion Report. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  24. Colombia. 2010. DPL on Promoting an Inclusive, Equitable, and Efficient Social Protection System: Program Document. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  25. Colombia. 2011. DPL on Promoting an Inclusive, Equitable, and Efficient Social Protection System: Implementation Completion and Results Report. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  26. Crane, Barbara, and Jason Finkle. 1981. Organisational Impediments to Development Assistance: The World Bank’s Population Program. World Politics 33 (4): 516–533.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Croatia. 2009. Fiscal, Social and Financial Sector Development Policy Loan (DPL): Program Document. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  28. Croatia. 2010. Fiscal, Social and Financial Sector Development Policy Loan (DPL). Project ID: P117665; Approval Date 12 January 2010.Google Scholar
  29. Demuth, Richard. 1961. World Bank/IFC Archives Oral History Program: Transcript of Interview with Richard Demuth 10 August 1961 Interviewer: Robert Oliver. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  30. Dhanji, Farid, and Branko Milanovic. 1991. Privatisation in Eastern and Central Europe: Objectives, Constraints, and Models of Divestiture. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  31. Dolowitz, David, and David Marsh. 1996. Who Learns What from Whom: A Review of the Policy Transfer Literature. Political Studies 44 (2): 343–357.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Evans, Mark, and Sultan Barakat. 2012. Post-War Reconstruction, Policy Transfer, and the World Bank: The Case of Afghanistan’s National Solidarity Programme. Policy Studies 33 (6): 541–565.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Fleming, Alex, Lily Chu, and Marie-Renée Bakker. 1996. The Baltics: Banking Crises Observed. Washington, DC: World Bank.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Goyal, Vikram. 1994. Technical Assistance for Institutional Development. In Institutional Change and the Public Sector in Transitional Economies, ed. Salvatore Schiavo-Campo, 149–168. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  35. Gragnolati, Michele. 2001. The Social Impact of Financial Crisis in East Asia: Evidence from the Philippines, Indonesia, and Thailand. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  36. Hungary. 2009a. Financial Sector and Macro Stability Loan (DPL). Project ID: P114991; Approval Date 22 September 2009.Google Scholar
  37. Hungary. 2009b. Financial Sector and Macro Stability Loan (DPL): Program Document. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  38. Hürni, Bettina. 1980. The Lending Policy of the World Bank in the 1970s: Analysis and Evaluation. Boulder: Westview Press.Google Scholar
  39. IBRD. 1947. Second Annual Report to the Board of Governors, 1946-1947. Washington, DC: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development.Google Scholar
  40. IBRD. 1948. Third Annual Report to the Board of Governors, 1947-1948. Washington, DC: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development.Google Scholar
  41. IBRD. 1949. Fourth Annual Report to the Board of Governors, 1948-1949. Washington, DC: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development.Google Scholar
  42. IBRD/IDA. 1970. Annual Report 1970. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  43. IBRD/IDA. 1973. Annual Report 1973. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  44. Indonesia. 1987a. Urban and Water Supply Sector Adjustment Loan: Report and Recommendation of the President. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  45. Indonesia. 1987b. Urban and Water Supply Sector Adjustment Loan: Staff Appraisal Report. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  46. Indonesia. 1992. Urban and Water Supply Sector Adjustment Loan: Project Completion Report. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  47. Indonesia. 1998. Policy Reform Support Loan Project: Report and Recommendation of the President. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  48. Indonesia. 1999. Social Safety New Adjustment Loan Project: Report and Recommendation of the President. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  49. Indonesia. 2003. Policy Reform Support Loan I and Policy Reform Support Loan II: Project Performance Assessment Report. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  50. Indonesia. 2009a. Public Expenditure Support Facility Development Policy Loan. Project ID: P115199; Approval Date 3 March 2009.Google Scholar
  51. Indonesia. 2009b. Public Expenditure Support Facility Development Policy Loan: Program Document. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  52. Indonesia. 2012a. Program for Economic Resilience, Investment, and Social Assistance Program. Project ID: P130048; Approval Date 15 May 2012.Google Scholar
  53. Indonesia. 2012b. Program for Economic Resilience, Investment, and Social Assistance Program: Program Document. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  54. Israel, Arturo. 1987. Institutional Development: Incentives to Performance. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  55. Japan. 1956a. Kawasaki Project. Project ID: P037426; Approval Date 14 December 1956.Google Scholar
  56. Japan. 1956b. Kawasaki Project: Appraisal Report. Washington, DC: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development.Google Scholar
  57. Japan. 1958a. Kawasaki Project 02. Project ID: P037428; Approval Date 28 January 1958.Google Scholar
  58. Japan. 1958b. Kawasaki Project 02: Appraisal Report. Washington, DC: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development.Google Scholar
  59. Japan. 1960. Kawasaki Project 03. Project ID: P037439; Approval Date 16 December 1960.Google Scholar
  60. Jayarajah, Carl, and William Branson. 1995. Structural and Sectoral Adjustment: World Bank Experience, 1980–1992. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  61. Kazakhstan. 2010a. Development Policy Loan. Project ID: P119856; Approval Date 25 May 2010.Google Scholar
  62. Kazakhstan. 2010b. Development Policy Loan: Program Document. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  63. Kikeri, Sunita. 1990. Bank Lending for Divestiture: A Review of Experience. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  64. King, Gundar, and David McNabb. 2015. Nation-Building in the Baltic States: Transforming Governance, Social Welfare, and Security in Northern Europe. London: CRC Press.Google Scholar
  65. Kjellstrom, Sven, and Ayite-Fily d’Almedia. 1987. Institutional Development and Technical Assistance in Macroeconomic Policy Formulation: A Case Study of Togo. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  66. Knight, Peter. 1983. Economic Reform in Socialist Countries: The Experiences of China, Hungary, Romania, and Yugoslavia. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  67. Korea, Republic of. 1998a. Structural Adjustment Loan Project: Report and Recommendation of the President. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  68. Korea, Republic of. 1998b. Structural Adjustment Loan Project 02: Report and Recommendation of the President. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  69. Korea, Republic of. 1999a. Economic Reconstruction Loan: Implementation Completion Report. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  70. Korea, Republic of. 1999b. Structural Adjustment Loan: Implementation Completion Report. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  71. Korea, Republic of. 2000. Structural Adjustment Loan Project 02: Implementation Completion Report. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  72. Lainela, Seija. 2000. Baltic Accession to the European Union. Journal of Baltic Studies 31 (2): 204–216.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Lamb, Geoffrey. 1987. Managing Economic Policy Change: Institutional Dimensions. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  74. Latvia. 1992. Rehabilitation Loan Project. Project ID: P008525; Approval Date 22 October 1992.Google Scholar
  75. Latvia. 1993. Agricultural Development Project: Staff Appraisal Report. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  76. Latvia. 1994a. Country Assistance Strategy. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  77. Latvia. 1994b. Enterprise & Financial Sector Restructuring Project: Staff Appraisal Report. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  78. Latvia. 1995. Rehabilitation Loan Project: Implementation Completion Report. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  79. Latvia. 1996. Structural Adjustment Loan: Project Document. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  80. Latvia. 1998. Agricultural Development Project: Implementation Completion Report. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  81. Latvia. 1999. Structural Adjustment Loan: Implementation Completion Report. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  82. Latvia. 2000a. Enterprise & Financial Sector Restructuring Project: Implementation Completion Report. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  83. Latvia. 2000b. Liepaja Environment Project: Implementation Completion Report. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  84. Latvia. 2010a. First Special Development Policy Loan: Safety Net and Social Sector Reform Program. Project ID: P115732; Approval Date 4 March 2010.Google Scholar
  85. Latvia. 2010b. First Special Development Policy Loan: Safety Net and Social Sector Reform Program: Program Document. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  86. Lee, Barbara, and John Nellis. 1990. Enterprise Reform and Privatisation in Socialist Economies. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  87. Lejeune, Michael. 1985. Conversations about George Woods and the World Bank: A Conversation with Michael Lejeune 17 July 1985. Interviewer: Robert Oliver. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  88. Mathiasen, Karl III. 1968. Multilateral Technical Assistance. International Organization 22 (1): 204–222.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. Mauritania. 1979. Integrated Rural and Urban Poverty Project: Report and Recommendation of the President. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  90. Mauritania. 1991. Integrated Rural and Urban Poverty Project: Project Completion Report. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  91. Meleshevich, Andrey. 2007. Party-Systems in Post-Soviet Countries: A Comparative Study of Political Institutionalisation in the Baltic States, Russia, and Ukraine. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. Mexico. 2009a. MX Economic Policies in Response to the Crisis DPL. Project ID: P118070; Approval Date 25 November 2009.Google Scholar
  93. Mexico. 2009b. MX Economic Policies in Response to the Crisis DPL: Program Document. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  94. Mexico. 2011. MX Economic Policies in Response to the Crisis DPL: Implementation Completion and Results Report. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  95. Milanovic, Branko. 1998. Explaining the Increase in Inequality during the Transition. Washington, DC: World Bank.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. Nikolić, Milan. 2006. Monetary Policy in Transition: Inflation Nexus Money Supply in Post-Communist Russia. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. Pakistan. 1952a. Railway Project. Project ID: P010002; Approval Date 27 March 1952.Google Scholar
  98. Pakistan. 1952b. Railway Project: Report and Recommendations of the President. Washington, DC: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development.Google Scholar
  99. Paul, Samuel. 1983. Training for Public Administration and Management in Developing Countries: A Review. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  100. Paul, Samuel. 1990. Institutional Reforms in Sector Adjustment Operations: The World Bank’s Experience. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  101. Pereira, João Márcio Mendes. 2016. Recycling and Expansion: An Analysis of the World Bank Agenda (1989–2014). Third World Quarterly 37 (5): 818–839.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. Pender, John. 2001. From “Structural Adjustment” to “Comprehensive Development Framework”: Conditionality Transformed? Third World Quarterly 22 (3): 397–411.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. Philippines. 2009. Social Welfare and Development Reform Project: Project Appraisal Document. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  104. Philippines. 2011. Development Policy Loan to Foster More Inclusive Growth: Program Document. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  105. Poland. 2009a. Employment, Entrepreneurship, and Human Capital Development Policy Loan. Project ID: P116125; Approval Date 30 June 2009.Google Scholar
  106. Poland. 2009b. Employment, Entrepreneurship, and Human Capital Development Policy Loan: Program Document. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  107. Poland. 2011. Development Policy Loans I–II: Implementation Completion and Results Report. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  108. Rose, Richard. 2009. Understanding Post-Communist Transformation: A Bottom-Up Approach. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  109. Shihata, Ibrahim. 1991. The World Bank in a Changing World: Selected Essays and Lectures. Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.Google Scholar
  110. Smith, Graham. 1999. The Post-Soviet States: Mapping the Politics of Transition. London: Arnold Publishers.Google Scholar
  111. Smith, Laïla. 2008. Power and the Hierarchy of Knowledge: A Review of a Decade of the World Bank’s Relationship with South Africa. Geoforum 39 (1): 236–251.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. Stevenson, Alexander. 1961. World Bank/IFC Archives Oral History Program: Transcript of Interview with Alexander Stevenson 10 August 1961. Interviewer: Robert Oliver. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  113. Thailand. 1997. Finance Companies Restructuring Loan: Report and Recommendation of the President. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  114. Thailand. 1998. Economic and Financial Adjustment Loan: Report and Recommendation of the President. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  115. Thailand. 1999. Economic and Financial Adjustment Loan: Implementation Completion Report. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  116. Thailand. 2006. Finance Companies Restructuring Loan, Economic and Financial Adjustment Loan, and Second Economic and Financial Adjustment Loan: Project Performance Assessment Report. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  117. Thailand. 2010a. Public Sector Reform Development Policy Loan. Project ID: P114154; Approval Date 18 November 2010.Google Scholar
  118. Thailand. 2010b. Public Sector Reform Development Policy Loan: Program Document. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  119. Thailand. 2014. Public Sector Reform Development Policy Loan: Implementation Completion and Results Report. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  120. Vetterlein, Antje. 2012. Seeing Like the World Bank on Poverty. New Political Economy 17 (1): 35–58.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  121. Wallace, Laura. 1990. Reshaping Technical Assistance. Finance and Development 27 (4): 26–30.Google Scholar
  122. Wharton, Clifton. 1958. The Nature of Technical Assistance for Economic Development. Economic Development and Cultural Exchange 6 (2): 109–128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. World Bank. 1957. The World Bank: Policies and Operations. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  124. World Bank. 1960. The World Bank: Policies and Operations. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  125. World Bank. 1963. Policies and Operations of the World Bank, IFC, and IDA. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  126. World Bank. 1974. World Bank Annual Report 1974. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  127. World Bank. 1975a. The Assault on World Poverty: Problems in Rural Development, Education, and Health. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  128. World Bank. 1975b. World Bank Annual Report 1975. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  129. World Bank. 1977. World Bank Annual Report 1977. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  130. World Bank. 1979. World Bank Annual Report 1979. Washington, DC: World Bank.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  131. World Bank. 1982. World Bank Annual Report 1982. Washington, DC: World Bank.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  132. World Bank. 1988. World Bank Annual Report 1988. Washington, DC: World Bank.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  133. World Bank. 1990. World Bank Annual Report 1990. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  134. World Bank. 1991. World Bank Annual Report 1991. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  135. World Bank. 1992. Development Issues: Presentations to the 44th Meeting of the Development Committee. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  136. World Bank. 1993a. Handbook on Technical Assistance. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  137. World Bank. 1993b. Latvia: Transition to a Market Economy. Washington, DC: World Bank.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  138. World Bank. 1996. World Development Report 1996: From Plan to Market. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  139. World Bank. 2001. Adjustment Lending Retrospective. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  140. World Bank. 2003. Toward Country-led Development: A Multi-Partner Evaluation of the Comprehensive Development Framework: Synthesis Report. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  141. World Bank. 2004a. An Evaluation of World Bank Assistance to Transition Economies. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  142. World Bank. 2004b. Good Practice Notes for Development Policy Lending. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  143. World Bank. 2006. Development Policy Lending Retrospective. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  144. World Bank. 2009. 2009 Development Policy Lending Retrospective: Flexibility, Customisation, and Results. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  145. World Bank. 2013. 2012 Development Policy Lending Retrospective: Results, Risks, and Reforms. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Government and PolicyUniversity of CanberraBruceAustralia

Personalised recommendations