Near and Far-Field Analysis of an Axisymmetric Fractal-Forced Turbulent Jet
In this paper, the role of the initial conditions in affecting the flow physics in the near-field, and the evolution towards self-similarity, of an axisymmetric turbulent jet is examined. The near-field large scale coherent structures are manipulated with the aid of noncircular geometries, such as square and fractal exits. Planar PIV and hot-wire anemometry are deployed to study the flow both spatially and temporally. Despite the significant alteration of the near-field flow physics due to the different exit geometries, it is found that the evolution towards self-similarity is comparable between all jets. Moreover, non-equilibrium dissipation is found between 24 and 26 equivalent diameters \(D_e\) downstream of the jet exit where mean velocity and Reynolds stresses are self-similar, suggesting the microscales of the flow take much further than previously thought to regain the classical scaling laws.
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