Scaling of Adverse-Pressure-Gradient Turbulent Boundary Layers in Near-Equilibrium Conditions
Well-resolved large-eddy simulations are used to study adverse-pressure-gradient (APG) turbulent boundary layers (TBLs) under near-equilibrium conditions. In particular, we focus on two near-equilibrium cases where the power-law freestream velocity distribution is adjusted in order to produce long regions with a constant value of the Clauser pressure-gradient parameter \(\beta \). In the first case we obtain an APG TBL with a constant value of \(\beta \simeq 1\) over 37 average boundary-layer thicknesses, and in the second one a constant value of \(\beta \simeq 2\) for around 28 average boundary-layer thicknesses. The scaling law suggested by Kitsios et al. (Int J Heat Fluid Flow 61:117–128, 2016, ), proposing the edge velocity and the displacement thickness as scaling parameters, was tested on the two constant-pressure-gradient parameter cases. The mean velocity and Reynolds-stress profiles were found to be dependent on the downstream development, a conclusion in agreement with classical theory.
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