Conceptualising Conflict Re-creation
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One of the main policy assumptions that studies have debunked is that diaspora members who have migrated to the West accumulate different forms of capital, which become fundamental for their ability to positively engage with homeland development (Akesson et al. 2015). What this assumption overlooks is the prevalence of diaspora individuals who are often: being subjected to high levels of discrimination in the labour market; are overworked and underpaid; doing low or unskilled work that provides limited access to influential networks (Akesson et al. 2015). This situation isn’t conducive to acquiring new knowledge and skills and renders previously acquired skills and experience useless. However, diaspora members are perceived as having the potential to become ‘new developers’ which remains strong and this is reinforced by their longstanding financial contributions. There is therefore a need to de-construct diaspora engagement with homeland, particularly as that engagement relates to homelands in conflict. This book suggests the concept of diasporated conflicts as a framework for understanding how conflict is re-created. It can be applied to conflicts where diaspora communities occupy hegemonic positions because of the perception that they can exercise social, political, human and financial capital and this is principally enabled by diasporic media. This concept is theoretically informed by Elias’ theory of civilising processes (1991) and this chapter provides the theoretical and conceptual foundation of how conflict is re-created.
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