Advertisement

Conceptualising Conflict Re-creation

Chapter
  • 149 Downloads

Abstract

One of the main policy assumptions that studies have debunked is that diaspora members who have migrated to the West accumulate different forms of capital, which become fundamental for their ability to positively engage with homeland development (Akesson et al. 2015). What this assumption overlooks is the prevalence of diaspora individuals who are often: being subjected to high levels of discrimination in the labour market; are overworked and underpaid; doing low or unskilled work that provides limited access to influential networks (Akesson et al. 2015). This situation isn’t conducive to acquiring new knowledge and skills and renders previously acquired skills and experience useless. However, diaspora members are perceived as having the potential to become ‘new developers’ which remains strong and this is reinforced by their longstanding financial contributions. There is therefore a need to de-construct diaspora engagement with homeland, particularly as that engagement relates to homelands in conflict. This book suggests the concept of diasporated conflicts as a framework for understanding how conflict is re-created. It can be applied to conflicts where diaspora communities occupy hegemonic positions because of the perception that they can exercise social, political, human and financial capital and this is principally enabled by diasporic media. This concept is theoretically informed by Elias’ theory of civilising processes (1991) and this chapter provides the theoretical and conceptual foundation of how conflict is re-created.

References

  1. Akesson, L., and M. Erikson Baaz. (eds.). 2015. Africa’s Return Migrants: The New Developers?, Zed Books. Uppsala, Sweden.Google Scholar
  2. Anderson, B. 1992. The New World Disorder, New Left Review 1, no. 193: London, UK.Google Scholar
  3. Bauman, Z. 1999. In Search of Politics, Stanford University Press. Bloomington, Indiana.Google Scholar
  4. Castells, M. 1996. The Rise of the Network Society. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  5. Chandler, D. 2009. The Global Ideology: Rethinking the Politics of the ‘Global Turn’ in IR, Sage. International Relations Journal 23, no. 4: 530–547.Google Scholar
  6. Collier, P. et al. 2008. Democracy, Development and Conflict, Journal of the European Economic Association 6, no. 2–3: 531–540.Google Scholar
  7. de Waal, A. 2007. Class and Power in a Stateless Somalia. Horn of Africa Group, Social Science Research Council. http://hornofafrica.ssrc.org/dewaal/.
  8. Dunning, E., and S. Mennell. 1998. Elias on Germany, Nazism and the Holocaust: On the Balance Between. ‘Civilizing’ and ‘Decivilizing’ Trends in the Social development of Western Europe. The British Journal of Sociology 49 (3): 339–357.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Elias, N. 1978 [1991]. The Civilizing Process: The History of Manners. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  10. Elias, N. 1997. The Germans: Power Struggles and the Development of Habitus in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries, Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Elwell, F. W. 2013. Sociocultural Systems: Principles of Structure and Change. Alberta: Athabasca University Press.Google Scholar
  12. Fletcher, J. 1997. Violence and Civilization: An Introduction to the Work of Norbert Elias. Polity Press. London, UK.Google Scholar
  13. Giddens, A. 1991. Modernity and Self-Identity: Self and Society in the Late Modern Age. Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  14. Gilroy, P. 2000. Against Race: Imagining Political Culture beyond the Color Line. Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  15. Grabska, K. 2014. Gender, Home & Identity. Nuer Repatriation to Southern Sudan. Martlesham: Boydell & BrewerGoogle Scholar
  16. Hammond, L. 2011. Obliged to Give: Remittances and the Maintenance of Transnational Networks Between Somalis at Home and Abroad. Bildhaan: An International Journal of Somali Studies: Vol. 10, Article 11.Google Scholar
  17. Hammond, L. 2015. Diaspora Returnees to Somaliland: Heroes of Development or Job-Stealing Scoundrels?. In: Akesson, Lisa and Eriksson-Baaz, Maria, (eds.), Africa’s Return Migrants: The New Developers? London: Zed Books.Google Scholar
  18. Harper, M. 2012. Getting Somalia Wrong?: Faith, War and Hope in a Shattered State, Zed Books.Google Scholar
  19. Human Rights Watch Report 2014. Here, Rape is Normal, A Five-Point Plan to Curtail Sexual Violence in Somalia. https://www.hrw.org/report/2014/02/13/here-rape-normal/five-point-plan-curtail-sexual-violence-somalia.
  20. Jhazbhay, I. 2003. Africa's best kept secret; a challenge to the international community?: Somaliland: essay. African Security Review 12, no. 4: 77–82.Google Scholar
  21. Kapteijns, L. 2013. Clan Cleansing in Somalia: The Ruinous Legacy of 1991. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Kleist, N. et al. 2015. Somali and Afghan diaspora associations in development and relief cooperation 2015: 13. DIIS Reports, Danish Institute for International Studies.Google Scholar
  23. McLuhan, M., and F. Zingrone. 1995. Essensial McLuhan. Toronto: House of Anansi.Google Scholar
  24. Pinker, S. 2011. The Better Angels of Our Nature: A History of Violence and Humanity, New York: Viking.Google Scholar
  25. Rutter, J. Chappell, L., Latorre, M., and Shah, J. 2009. Migration and rural economies: assessing and addressing risks. Institute for Public Policy Research, London.Google Scholar
  26. Scholte, J.A. 2002. Civil society and democracy in global governance. Global Governance 8, no. 3: 281–304.Google Scholar
  27. Sheikh, H. and Healy, S. 2009. Somalia’s missing million: The Somali diaspora and its role in development. UNDP Report.Google Scholar
  28. Trandafoiu, Ruxandra. 2013. Diaspora online: Identity politics and Romanian migrants. Berghahn Books.Google Scholar
  29. UNDP and World Bank Report. 2002. Socio-economic Briefing Somalia. http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTSOMALIA/Resources/swb_complete_report.pdf.
  30. van Krieken, R. 2001. Norbert Ellas and Process Soclology. Handbook of social theory, 11994: 353.Google Scholar
  31. van Krieken, R. 2011. Three faces of civilization:‘In the beginning all the world was Ireland’. The Sociological Review, 59(1_suppl): 24–47.Google Scholar
  32. Vertigans. 2011. The Sociology of Terrorism: People, Places and Processes. RoutledgeGoogle Scholar
  33. Waldmann, Peter. 2007. “Is there a Culture of Violence in Colombia?.” Terrorism and Political Violence 19, no. 4: 593–609.Google Scholar
  34. Weber, Max. 1978. Economy and society: An outline of interpretive sociology. Vol. 1. Univ of California Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Development StudiesSchool of Oriental and African StudiesLondonUK

Personalised recommendations