TXT-tool 4.062-1.1: A Socio-technical Approach for Landslide Mitigation and Risk Reduction
This paper highlights the importance of integrating social and technical approaches (a so called a “hybrid socio-technical approach”) as an innovative approach to landslide disaster risk reduction. Such a program is mainly based on multi-disciplinary action and research to support a community empowerment program through public education. The technical approach was developed for mainly geological and geotechnical investigations to analyse and predict susceptibility levels in landslide-prone areas, as well as to develop appropriate technology for hazard mapping and disaster early warning systems. Meanwhile, a social approach was undertaken for analysing and mapping psychological and social conditions in disaster-prone areas. An appropriate strategy and program to implement the produced technology can be thus be formulated. Moreover, it is also important to establish a “community task force” as the driving power for landslide disaster risk reduction, which can sustain the program at the village level. This paper describes the achievements and the current activities of IPL-165 “Development of community-based landslide hazard mapping for landslide risk reduction at the village scale in Java, Indonesia”.
KeywordsHybrid socio-technical system Indigenous technology Life and environmental protection Community empowerment
Special thanks are directed to the Indonesian Agency of National Disaster Management, the British Council DelPHE Program, as well as the Directorate General of Higher Education. We are grateful to the Indonesian Ministry of National Education and the Fulbright Senior Research Program funded by US Department of State’s Bureau of Education and Cultural Affairs for financial support to carry out the pilot studies. Acknowledgments are also extended to Universitas Gadjah Mada for the provision of academic facilities, as well as to the research assistant at the Laboratory of Environmental Geology and the Computing Laboratory of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada. This research can be successfully conducted was due to the continuous and intensive assistance of Mr. Sani Tanaka Ismawanto, the student of Magister Instrumentation at the Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada.
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