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New Aspects of the Contribution of ER to SOCE Regulation: The Role of the ER and ER-Plasma Membrane Junctions in the Regulation of SOCE

  • Hayley DingsdaleEmail author
  • Emmanuel Okeke
  • Lee Haynes
  • Gyorgy Lur
  • Alexei V. TepikinEmail author
Chapter
  • 1.8k Downloads
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 993)

Abstract

The junctions between the endoplasmic reticulum and the plasma membrane are essential platforms for the activation of store-operated Ca2+ influx. These junctions have specific dimensions and are nonuniformly distributed in polarized cells. The mechanisms involved in the formation of the junctions are currently undergoing vigorous investigation, and significant progress was attained in this research area during the last 10 years. Some cell types display stationary junctions, while in other cells, new junctions can form rapidly following cytosolic Ca2+ signals and/or the reduction of the Ca2+ concentration in the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum; furthermore, in moving cells, junctions can undergo saltatory formation, long distance sliding, and dissolution. The proteins involved in the activation of the Ca2+ influx could be also involved in the formation of the junctions. The architecture, dynamics, and localization of the junctions are important for the regulation of Ca2+ signaling cascades and their downstream events.

Keywords

Store-operated Ca2+ entry ER-PM junctions Ca2+ influx Ca2+ signaling STIM Orai 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of BiosciencesCardiff UniversityCardiffUK
  2. 2.The Physiological Laboratory, Department of Cellular and Molecular Physiology, Institute of Translational MedicineThe University of LiverpoolLiverpoolUK
  3. 3.Department of NeurobiologyYale School of MedicineNew HavenUSA

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