Secure Multiple Watermarking Technique Using Neural Networks

  • Amit Kumar SinghEmail author
  • Basant Kumar
  • Ghanshyam Singh
  • Anand Mohan
Part of the Multimedia Systems and Applications book series (MMSA)


This chapter presents an algorithm for multiple watermarking based on discrete wavelet transforms (DWT), discrete cosine transform (DCT) and singular value decomposition (SVD) is proposed for healthcare applications. For identity authentication purpose, the proposed method uses three watermarks in the form of medical Lump image watermark, the doctor signature/identification code and diagnostic information of the patient as the text watermarks. In order to improve the robustness performance of the image watermark, Back Propagation Neural Network (BPNN) is applied to the extracted image watermark to reduce the noise effects on the watermarked image. The security of the image watermark is also enhanced by using Arnold transform before embedding into the cover. Further, the symptom and signature text watermarks are also encoded by lossless arithmetic compression technique and Hamming error correction code respectively. The compressed and encoded text watermark is then embedded into the cover image. Experimental results are obtained by varying the gain factor, different sizes of text watermarks and the different cover image modalities. The results are provided to illustrate that the proposed method is able to withstand a different of signal processing attacks and has been found to be giving excellent performance for robustness, imperceptibility, capacity and security simultaneously. The robustness performance of the method is also compared with other reported techniques. Finally, the visual quality of the watermarked image is evaluated by the subjective method also. This shows that the visual quality of the watermarked images is acceptable for diagnosis at different gain factors. Therefore, the proposed method may find potential application in prevention of patient identity theft in healthcare applications.


Multimedia data Discrete wavelet transforms Discrete cosine transform Singular value decomposition Back propagation neural network Healthcare 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amit Kumar Singh
    • 1
    Email author
  • Basant Kumar
    • 2
  • Ghanshyam Singh
    • 3
  • Anand Mohan
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Computer Science & EngineeringJaypee University of Information TechnologyWaknaghat, SolanIndia
  2. 2.Department of Electronics and Communication EngineeringMotilal Nehru National Institute of TechnologyAllahabadIndia
  3. 3.Department of Electronics and Communication EngineeringJaypee University of Information TechnologyWaknaghat, SolanIndia
  4. 4.Department of Electronics EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology (BHU)VaranasiIndia

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