Robust and Secure Multiple Watermarking for Medical Images

  • Amit Kumar SinghEmail author
  • Basant Kumar
  • Ghanshyam Singh
  • Anand Mohan
Part of the Multimedia Systems and Applications book series (MMSA)


In this chapter, we address the issue of channel noise distortions on watermark. The channel noise distortions may lead to faulty watermark and this could result into inappropriate disease diagnosis in telemedicine environment. This has been achieved using error correcting codes (ECC) for encoding the watermark before embedding which is performed using discrete wavelet transform (DWT) and singular value decomposition (SVD). The effects of Hamming, BCH, Reed-Solomon and hybrid ECC consisting of BCH and repetition code on the robustness of text watermark and cover image quality have been investigated in this chapter. The technique used to embed multiple watermarks is based on DWT and SVD. The proposed method is robust against known attacks without significantly degrading the image quality. Out of the four ECCs, it is observed that the hybrid code shows the best performance. In addition, the performance of proposed watermarking method by applying Reed-Solomon ECC on encrypted patient data before embedding the watermark has been investigated. The performance of the method is compared with other reported methods and has been found to better in terms of robustness, security and capacity. Further, the robustness of the proposed method has been also examined using benchmark software ‘Checkmark’ and is observed that this method is robust against the ‘Checkmark’ attacks.


DWT SVD EPR DICOM Hamming BCH Reed-Solomon and hybrid ECC Checkmark BER PSNR NC 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amit Kumar Singh
    • 1
    Email author
  • Basant Kumar
    • 2
  • Ghanshyam Singh
    • 3
  • Anand Mohan
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Computer Science & EngineeringJaypee University of Information TechnologyWaknaghat, SolanIndia
  2. 2.Department of Electronics and Communication EngineeringMotilal Nehru National Institute of TechnologyAllahabadIndia
  3. 3.Department of Electronics and Communication EngineeringJaypee University of Information TechnologyWaknaghat, SolanIndia
  4. 4.Department of Electronics EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology (BHU)VaranasiIndia

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