Postpartum Hemorrhage

  • Kate C. Arnold
  • Caroline J. Flint


Postpartum hemorrhage is an obstetrical emergency which requires immediate action. Common causes include uterine atony, genital tract lacerations, retained products of conception, and invasive placentation. Initial management may include bimanual massage, use of uterotonics, and thorough exam. In severe cases, hysterectomy may be needed for control of hemorrhage [1].


Postpartum hemorrhage Atony Uterotonic Transfusion 


  1. 1.
    Gabbe SG, Niebyl JR, Simpson JL, Landon MB, Galan HL, Jauniaux ERM, Driscoll DA. Obstetrics: normal and problem pregnancies. Chapter 19. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2012.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. ACOG practice bulletin no. 76: postpartum hemorrhage. Obstet Gynecol. 2006;108:1039–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kate C. Arnold
    • 1
  • Caroline J. Flint
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of OB/GYNUniversity of Oklahoma HSCOklahoma CityUSA

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