Premature Rupture of Membranes

  • Kate C. Arnold
  • Caroline J. Flint


Preterm rupture of membranes is defined as rupture of membranes prior to the start of labor. It is more common in African American patients. Rupture of membranes increases the risk of perinatal infection and umbilical cord compression. Diagnosis is generally confirmed by either visualization of amniotic fluid from the cervical os, a vaginal pH of more than 6.0, or ferning on microscopic exam. Management is highly variable depending on gestational age and the clinical setting [1].


SROM PPROM Rupture Preterm rupture PROM 


  1. 1.
    Gabbe SG, Niebyl JR, Simpson JL, Landon MB, Galan HL, Jauniaux ERM, Driscoll DA. Obstetrics: normal and problem pregnancies, chapter 29. 6th ed. Philadelphia: Elsevier; 2012.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Practice bulletin no. 172: premature rupture of membranes. Obstet Gynecol. 2016;128:e165–77.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kate C. Arnold
    • 1
  • Caroline J. Flint
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of OB/GYNUniversity of Oklahoma HSCOklahoma CityUSA

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