External Cephalic Version

  • Kate C. Arnold
  • Caroline J. Flint


In patient with a breech fetus at term, counseling for external cephalic version should be performed if appropriate. Success of external cephalic version is reported to be between 60% and 75%. The use of both regional anesthesia and tocolysis increases success rates [1].


Breech ECV Primary cesarean Version External cephalic version 


  1. 1.
    Gabbe SG, Niebyl JR, Simpson JL, Landon MB, Galan HL, Jauniaux ERM, Driscoll DA. Obstetrics: normal and problem pregnancies. Chapter 18. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2012.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Practice bulletin no. 161: external cephalic version. Obstet Gynecol. 2016;127:e54–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kate C. Arnold
    • 1
  • Caroline J. Flint
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of OB/GYNUniversity of Oklahoma HSCOklahoma CityUSA

Personalised recommendations