Cytomegalovirus, Parvovirus B19, Varicella Zoster, and Toxoplasmosis in Pregnancy

  • Kate C. Arnold
  • Caroline J. Flint


Cytomegalovirus is a common childhood illness and in utero infection often causes hearing loss. Parvovirus can cause Fifth’s disease and eventually hydrops fetalis by preferentially infecting rapidly dividing cells. Varicella, commonly known as chickenpox, is highly contagious and can cause congenital varicella syndrome if the mother is exposed prior to 13 weeks gestation. Toxoplasmosis is acquired through eating infected meat or cat feces with 40% of mothers acutely infected during pregnancy giving birth to babies with congenital toxoplasmosis [1].


TORCH CMV Parvovirus Toxo Intra-amniotic infection Vertical transmission 


  1. 1.
    Gabbe SG, Niebyl JR, Simpson JL, Landon MB, Galan HL, Jauniaux ERM, Driscoll DA. Obstetrics: normal and problem pregnancies. Chapter 50. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2012.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Practice bulletin no. 151: cytomegalovirus, parvovirus B19, varicella zoster, and toxoplasmosis in pregnancy. Obstet Gynecol. 2015;125:1510–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kate C. Arnold
    • 1
  • Caroline J. Flint
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of OB/GYNUniversity of Oklahoma HSCOklahoma CityUSA

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