Fetal Growth Restriction

  • Kate C. Arnold
  • Caroline J. Flint


Fetuses who are growth restricted are at a high risk for perinatal mortality, with rates 6–10 times greater than normally grown fetuses. Specific patterns of growth restriction include asymmetric and symmetric which generally reflect the timing and duration of the underlying etiology. Possible underlying conditions include constitutionally small fetuses, abnormal fetuses (aneuploidy, infection, syndromes), and placental insufficiency [1].


IUGR Growth restriction SGA Umbilical artery Doppler 


  1. 1.
    Gabbe SG, Niebyl JR, Simpson JL, Landon MB, Galan HL, Jauniaux ERM, Driscoll DA. Obstetrics: normal and problem pregnancies. Chapter 31. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2012.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Practice Bulletin No. 134: Fetal growth restriction. Obstet Gynecol. 2013;121:1122–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kate C. Arnold
    • 1
  • Caroline J. Flint
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of OB/GYNUniversity of Oklahoma HSCOklahoma CityUSA

Personalised recommendations