Obstetric Analgesia and Anesthesia

  • Kate C. Arnold
  • Caroline J. Flint


Labor and delivery is associated with significant pain and it is the providers’ duty to provide relief upon patient request. Available options include general, neuraxial, local, and parenteral analgesia. Each method is associated with specific indications, complications, and contraindications [1].


Anesthesia Analgesia Epidural Spinal 


  1. 1.
    Gabbe SG, Niebyl JR, Simpson JL, Landon MB, Galan HL, Jauniaux ERM, Driscoll DA. Obstetrics: normal and problem pregnancies. Chapter 17. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2012.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Obstetric analgesia and anesthesia. ACOG practice bulletin no. 36. Obstet Gynecol. 2002;100:177–91.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kate C. Arnold
    • 1
  • Caroline J. Flint
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of OB/GYNUniversity of Oklahoma HSCOklahoma CityUSA

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