Induction of Labor

  • Kate C. Arnold
  • Caroline J. Flint


Induction of labor is defined as stimulation of contractions in contrast to augmentation which is defined as causing an increase in contractions. Both are intended to result in a vaginal delivery. Labor induction has absolute and relative indications; it is also occasionally undertaken for elective reasons. Success can be estimated using the Bishop score; if high, the risk of cesarean delivery is similar to that of spontaneous labor [1].


Induction Cervical ripening Augmentation Tachysystole Oxytocin Misoprostol 


  1. 1.
    Gabbe SG, Niebyl JR, Simpson JL, Landon MB, Galan HL, Jauniaux ERM, Driscoll DA. Obstetrics: normal and problem pregnancies. Chapter 14. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2012.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. ACOG practice bulletin no. 107: induction of labor. Obstet Gynecol. 2009;114:386–97.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kate C. Arnold
    • 1
  • Caroline J. Flint
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of OB/GYNUniversity of Oklahoma HSCOklahoma CityUSA

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