Epidemiology and Clinical Features

  • Nikolaos Tsoukalas
  • Sarah RudmanEmail author
Part of the Clinicians’ Guides to Radionuclide Hybrid Imaging book series (CGRHI)


Prostate cancer is the most common non-cutaneous malignancy in Westernised countries with a lifetime risk of one in seven men [1] and a global incidence of more than one million new cases each year (Figs. 1.1 and 1.2) [2]. In 2012, 417,000 cases were diagnosed in Europe with the highest incidence in Northern and Western Europe in countries such as Norway (129/100,000) and lowest in Southeastern Europe in countries such as Albania [3]. The UK incidence places it 17th overall with an age-standardised rate of 104.7 cases/100,000 (Figs. 1.3 and 1.4). It is thought that widespread differences in screening practices, prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing, and digital rectal examination (DRE) may explain the variation in country to country incidence.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of OncologyGuy’s & St Thomas’ NHS Foundation TrustLondonUK

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