Structural Hierarchies and Fragments Among Vietnamese Caodaists

  • Thien-Huong T. NinhEmail author
Part of the Christianities of the World book series (CHOTW)


Even though Caodaism has been recognized as an official religion in Cambodia since 1993, Vietnamese Caodaists have continued to face anti-Vietnamese sentiments within the Cambodian legal system. Similar to the experiences of Vietnamese Caodaists in the U.S., they are racialized as following a Vietnamese religion and are under the authority of the Holy See in Vietnam. This racialization has restricted their efforts to spread Caodaism to non-Vietnamese. They have tried to counter this ethnic and religious marginalization by submitting to the authority of the Caodai Holy See in exchange for Vietnamese government-backed political and economic support. However, because of this dependence, Vietnamese Caodaists in Cambodia have also been closed off from co-religionists in the U.S., who oppose the Holy See since it came under the control of the Vietnamese communist regime in 1975.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cosumnes River CollegeSacramentoUSA

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